India has already demonstrated its skill in both space exploration and launch of satellites at a much lower cost than European countries and the United States. But the Asian nation has also shown another aspect of its power in space, proving that it is no less than some Western countries such as the United States, Russia or China, with regard to the space program.
India last week dropped a space-based satellite to become the fourth country in the world with such capabilities, a big leap forward on its ambitious space program. In a sign of the scale of the achievement, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Moody spoke to the nation himself about this achievement in a televised speech, which caused confusion as all major political parties and their leaders are engaged in fierce election campaigns. In the eleventh of April.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in his speech that the missile had a range of about 300 kilometers from the ground and hit the satellite within three minutes of its launch, putting India in a club that includes America, Russia and China exclusively. In what he called a moment of pride, Moody pointed out that India had become the fourth country to have a space force with deterrent capabilities.
In the face of international criticism of Indian action, the prime minister also made clear that the test, dubbed Mission Shakti or Task Force, was not directed at any country. He assured the international community that India has always opposed “weaponization of space” and the arms race in outer space. This test does not change this position in any way.
India’s Defense Development and Research Organization used an anti-satellite missile and launched it from an island in exchange for the eastern state of Odysha. The moon, one of India’s low-orbiting satellites, was dropped “to make sure India has the ability to protect its space assets.” An official statement confirmed that the test was part of “the responsibility of the Indian government to defend its interests in outer space.” This is a clear indication that the test was a response to China, which was conducting anti-satellite experiments.
It is clear that India did not wish to lag behind and not possess such capabilities. There was a great deal of criticism when China used a missile for the first time to destroy its satellite in 2007. Since then, India has been developing its capabilities, but although New Delhi has for some time been able to take the test , It was a political decision by the current government to proceed with the test now.
There is a border dispute between India and China over a number of areas along the border, which remains a lament for their relations. The two countries fought a war in 1962, and in recent years have emerged as rivals in Asia. India has also been concerned about the growing rapprochement between Islamabad and Beijing. It is clear that the missile test was an attempt to keep up with China and protect Indian assets in case of any hostile action in any future scenario.
However, the missile test demonstrated the strength and local nature of the Indian space program. India did not require any technical assistance for its missile, which was manufactured using Indian technology and using local capabilities. Moody’s government highlighted this, noting that the Indian satellite that was dropped was in a low orbit, taking into account the guarantee that there was no space debris, and that most of the debris caused by the plane crash would burn and fade as it entered the Earth’s atmosphere.
Despite all this, the test shows the huge jumps in India’s space program over the past few decades despite sanctions imposed since the nuclear tests of the 1990s, making it difficult for India to get the technology or materials required, but the program has become A leader in the world’s $ 300 billion space industry, has become renowned for its reliability, low cost and attraction to many international customers.
The State has carried out more than 102 spacecraft missions by sending everything from satellite communications to experimental satellites and to Earth observation. In recent years, it has also sought to explore space by launching its first mission to Mars at a cost equivalent to about a tenth of the cost of the most recent US mission to the Red Planet. New Delhi is currently working on a manned mission into space. However, the ability to drop a satellite in outer space gives India an added advantage in its space program.