New study proposes Pentagon transition to ‘mosaic’ systems warfare strategy | World Defense

New study proposes Pentagon transition to ‘mosaic’ systems warfare strategy


Staff member
Nov 17, 2017
24,463 1,293 0
New study proposes Pentagon transition to ‘mosaic’ systems warfare strategy
Pat Host, Washington, DC - Jane's Defence Weekly
12 September 2019


A new study suggests the Pentagon accelerate acquisition of high-end capabilities such as the Northrop Grumman B-21 Raider long-range strike bomber to create a mosaic force design. Source: US Air Force

Key Points
  • A new study recommends the Pentagon embrace a new systems warfare strategy centred around seamless information sharing and a networked kill web
  • The new strategy would help the Department of Defense prepare for warfare in highly contested environments
The Pentagon should embrace a mosaic systems warfare strategy that exploits the ability of advanced networks to seamlessly share information and recent developments in computing as it prepares for great power competition in contested environments, according to a new study.

The study, Restoring America's Military Competitiveness: Mosaic Warfare, which was released on 10 September by the Mitchell Institute for Airpower Studies think-tank, said functional capabilities such as radar, fire control, and missiles that once had been hosted on a common platform such as combat aircraft can be disaggregated into their smallest practical elements. In the mosaic concept platforms are decomposed into their smallest practical functions, creating collaborative nodes in a network kill web that is highly resilient and can remain operationally effective even as an adversary destroys some of the web's elements.

Mosaic uses highly resilient networks of redundant nodes and multiple kill paths to minimise the critical system value of US nodes that an enemy could target. This would ensure that US forces are effective in contested environments.

At the same time, disaggregated functionality would allow a mosaic force to be highly adaptable across the spectrum of military operations. Mosaic combines the attributes of highly capable, high-end systems with the volume and agility afforded by numerous smaller force elements that can be rearranged into many different configurations or presentations.

When composed together, these smaller elements complete operational observe-orient-decide-act cycles, or OODA loops, and kill chains. Similar to building blocks that nearly universally fit together, mosaic forces can be composed together in a way to create packages that can effectively target an adversary's system with just-enough overmatch to succeed.