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Pilot robot PIBOT can replace pilots. As you know, automation and robotization are gradually reducing the number of workers, it would seem that this will not affect the pilots so quickly, but progress has also affected them. South Korean Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) engineers and researchers have created the first robotic aircraft pilot. The PIBOT pilot robot controls the aircraft with its own hands, while it is not known whether it can replace the pilots, but the robot is quite well done. The humanoid robot uses data from the sensors of the aircraft, and what he sees himself with the help of the camera. The creators claim that in some areas it even surpasses a person - for example, it holds the plane more evenly during takeoff and landing. The robot is able to read and memorize flight charts and emergency protocols, while quickly responding to emergencies. Unlike other systems, the robot does not require modification of the aircraft - it can control any aircraft. The robot can already control all the operations of the simulator aircraft, such as taxiing, takeoff, landing and flight. The project is expected to be fully developed in 2026.

 

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Heavy Duty Robot Figure-01 shown in USA. The American startup Figure showed the first video of its robot Figure 01 walking, which will have to replace people when performing heavy mechanical work. The company was able to attract $70 million in investments into the project in just a year. The company's founder, Brett Adcock, recruited professionals from companies such as Boston Dynamics, Google Deepmind, Tesla and Apple. Figure, a humanoid robot, is designed to perform simple tasks in a warehouse, such as moving items. However, over time its functionality will expand. Now the 168-centimeter Figure robot is already capable of carrying loads weighing up to 20 kg. To train the robot to become a loader, the company even built a warehouse.

 

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The first flight of the Russian long-haul passenger aircraft Il-96-400M took place. The flight of the prototype aircraft took place at an altitude of up to 2000 meters, at a speed of up to 390 km/h and lasted 26 minutes. The aircraft can accommodate up to 370 passengers, and the new navigation system is created from Russian components taking into account current international requirements. The aircraft is a modernized version of the Il-96-300, features a fuselage lengthened by 9.35 meters and is equipped with more powerful Russian PS-90A1 engines. The aircraft may have a cargo configuration. The maximum flight range of the Il-96-400M in a two-class passenger configuration is 8.1 thousand km. During the first flight, stability, controllability, systems, and radio equipment were checked.

 

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The Aeromax company announced the launch of production of a new model of the Russian unmanned cargo helicopter SH-3000. The SH-3000 helicopter-type drone was developed very quickly, its development began a year ago. The first prototypes of the helicopter will appear in 2024 and testing will begin then. So far, only civilian versions of drones have been reported. The SH-3000 drone is adapted for flights in difficult weather conditions. The length of the helicopter is about 13 meters. Its maximum speed reaches 210 km/h. The drone is capable of staying in the air for up to five hours and covering a distance of up to 900 km. The cargo drone is designed to transport cargo weighing up to 1000 kilograms. It is planned to use the helicopter in hard-to-reach regions of Russia.

 

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Serial production of Russian UAVs from the Flying Machines of Thuring company from Moscow will begin in Kaluga. The launch of production will take place at the Kaluga Electromechanical Plant. The drones promise two and three times redundancy of all systems, 5 times redundancy of communication channels, and 360-degree video streaming for the pilot. Two aircraft-type UAVs with vertical takeoff and landing will be produced, the T-300 UAV and the TFM-15 UAV. The drones are based on a scalable and easily upgradeable platform. The company's drones are designed primarily for logistics purposes, but drones can be used in other areas: from monitoring to agriculture. Modernization for military functions is also possible. Regarding the characteristics, the TFM-15 UAV has a payload of 15 kg and a flight speed of up to 130 km/h, the standard version has a flight range of 200 km, but there is a hybrid version with an engine-generator that can fly up to 800 kilometers. The T-300 UAV is designed for transporting heavy loads, its payload capacity is up to 130 kg, the flight range is the same 200 km, in a hybrid version up to 1000 km. The company has been carrying out import substitution of components for its UAVs since 2021.

 

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The Russian company Geoksan has begun serial production of the Geoscan 801 drone. The Geoscan 801 compact quadcopter is equipped with a thermal imager with a resolution of 640 by 512 and a camera with 14x magnification. The drone records video in 4K format and transmits it over a distance of up to 10 km thanks to a special noise-resistant receiver. The drone is equipped with a cooling system for electronics and heating the battery, so it can fly in any weather, -20 to +40 °C. The drone can be used for a variety of purposes, from entertainment to reconnaissance. For now, the drone is more expensive than its foreign counterparts, but as production increases, the price should drop; there are already orders for the first batch of drones. The drone weighs 1.5 kilograms, flight time is up to 40 minutes, at an altitude of up to 4000 meters. The elemental part of the drone is partly foreign-made.

 

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Iran launched a Salman rocket with a biocapsule inside. This launch is part of Iran's space program to send humans into space. The capsule weighed about 500 kilograms and was launched to an altitude of 130 kilometers; it was equipped with the necessary equipment to study the conditions of human beings in space. Iran did not disclose which animal was in the biocapsule and imitated the astronaut. Previously, 10 years ago, Iran sent two monkeys into space in a biocapsule.

 

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The Russian manufacturer ODK-Aviadvigatel showed what the PD-14 aircraft engine consists of. The PD-14 aircraft engine is the first in the history of modern Russia to have its own certified engine for civil aviation, created taking into account international standards and requirements. In terms of the scale of technical, technological, economic, and marketing problems in the field of aircraft engine building, the creation of the PD-14 engine has become the most ambitious project in Russia over the past 30 years.
Currently, only four countries - Great Britain, Russia, the USA and France - possess the technologies for the full cycle of creating modern turbojet engines.
The first ground tests of the PD-14 took place in 2012, the first flight tests in 2015. In January 2020, the PD-14 underwent additional tests to comply with new international standards for smoke and non-volatile particle emissions. New high-strength Russian titanium and nickel alloys were used to create the engine. The engine nacelle structure consists of 65% composite polymer materials
In total, about 20 new Russian materials were used in PD-14. It is expected that the operating costs of PD-14 engines will be 14-17% lower than those of existing similar engines, and the life cycle cost will be 15-20% lower. The PD-14 engine was developed for the promising Russian airliner MS-21-310. The first flight of MS-21-310 with PD-14 engines took place on December 15, 2020 at the airfield of the Irkutsk Aviation Plant. Today the aircraft continues to fly as part of certification tests. The MC-21 aircraft will replace its competitors Airbus A320 and Boeing 737-800 in Russian airlines.

 

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Tests of the MS-21 Russian aircraft, emergency evacuation of passengers. The first all-Russian aircraft MS-21 received approval to carry the maximum number of passengers. To obtain a certificate of approval from Rosaviatsi, the aircraft was tested for emergency evacuation of passengers. Previously, the MC-21 aircraft was allowed to carry no more than 175 people, but tests of emergency equipment showed that it complies with all aviation safety standards and can carry up to 211 passengers. As a result of training tests, it was possible to carry out an emergency evacuation of aircraft passengers faster than 90 seconds, which are provided for by aviation safety standards. The actual evacuation time was 81 seconds. The tests were carried out on an aircraft with the most dense passenger compartment layout. 211 passengers, as well as crew members, 3 pilots and 5 flight attendants were successfully evacuated from the plane. In accordance with the requirements of airworthiness standards, emergency evacuation tests from the aircraft were carried out in conditions as close as possible to the most severe. The evacuation was carried out in the dark, and only half of the aircraft's available emergency exits were used.

 

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In Russia, Tu-214 passenger aircraft are being returned to service. Red Wings Airlines received the first Tu-214 from the Kazan aircraft plant. It is worth noting that the aircraft with tail number RA-64518 was produced in 2009 at the Kazan aircraft plant. It was used first by Transaero for its flights, and then by its current owner, Red Wings. At the end of 2017, it was decided to put the aircraft into storage “due to the acquisition of more profitable aircraft to operate” - the Airbus A321. For the airline, maintaining the Airbus was more economical, because fuel consumption was lower, and the crew consisted of only two people. The return to service of the Tu-214 aircraft is a temporary solution until the production of completely Russian Superjet 100, MC-21-310RUS and Tu-214 is established; it still uses 13% of imported spare parts. The process of replacing spare parts with Russian analogues is underway, but this may take several years.

 

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The all-Russian freight mainline electric locomotive 3ES8 "Malachite" from the Ural Lokomotiv company set off on its first voyage. The electric locomotive delivered a train of 77 cars weighing 7018 tons from the Vologda region to the Leningrad region. All main components of the 3ES8 electric locomotive, including the asynchronous traction drive, power equipment and intelligent control systems, were developed and manufactured in Russia. The carrying capacity of the Malachite electric locomotive is 42% higher than that of the previous generation locomotives. It can drive trains of cars weighing over 7 thousand tons and up to 1 km long in mountainous terrain, and up to 9 thousand tons on flat terrain. The 3ES8 Malachite electric locomotive will become the base platform for a line of promising Russian locomotives. The 3ES8 electric locomotive in its main characteristics is not only not inferior to the best world models, but also surpasses them in some parameters.
The electric locomotive 3ES8 "Malachite" is equipped with ATD1000 engines with a power of 1000 kW, the design speed of the electric locomotive is 120 km/h.

 

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The Russian Ka-226T transformable helicopter took off for the first time in Kolyma. One of the main advantages of the Ka-226T helicopter is its modular design. In 30 minutes, the helicopter can be converted into a passenger, cargo, ambulance, search and rescue and police version by replacing one module with another. The helicopter is resistant to side winds and has a high rate of climb; the coaxial design ensures compactness and high maneuverability. The helicopter continues to be improved; work is underway on a new modification of the Ka-226T helicopter, with the replacement of French Arrius 2G1 engines with more powerful Russian VK-650V engines. The cruising speed of the Ka-226T helicopter is 190 km/h, the rate of climb is 12.5 m/s, the flight altitude is up to 6100 meters, and the range is up to 475 km. Maximum take-off weight is 3600 kg, payload in the transport cabin is 785 kg. The helicopter can be operated by one to two pilots and can carry up to seven people.

 

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Russia has commissioned a new wintering complex at the Vostok station in Antarctica. The complex was built on the site of the legendary Vostok station in Antarctica, which was created in 1957, its deterioration reached 97%. This is the first modern building built at the Antarctic pole. Now polar explorers at the station are conducting important research - studying solar activity, studying cosmic phenomena and climate change. The new wintering complex consists of five blocks with an area of about 3 thousand square meters. It is designed to accommodate 15 people during the winter period and 35 people during the seasonal period. The construction of the Vostok complex was not an easy task. The Vostok complex, consisting of 133 modules, as well as fuel and equipment, began to be unloaded in Tala Bay near the Russian Progress station. From there the complex was moved to the Vostok station by sleigh-caterpillar trips. The transfer of modules and installation of the complex took two years; it began in January 2022 and ended in January 2024. The station stands on 36 supports 3 meters high, which will allow it to remain free of snow for many years.

 

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Footage of the production of Russian Alazan missiles designed to combat hail. The missiles are produced by the Cheboksary Production Association named after. IN AND. Chapaeva. The Alazan-8M and Alazan-9 missiles are currently being produced.
The Alazan-9 anti-hail missile differs from the previous Alazan-6 in improved performance, despite its smaller caliber - 60 mm instead of 82 mm - its effectiveness is not reduced. In the new generation Alazan-9 missiles, the performance of the silver iodide reagent is increased by 2.5-3 times, and the cost, due to the smaller caliber, is reduced. How does this rocket work? An anti-hail rocket with a solid propellant engine, equipped with an active smoke bomb and spraying an aerosol of silver iodide. On particles of silver iodide, crystallization nuclei are formed, on which hailstone nuclei are formed. After which they fall to the ground in the form of rain or small, harmless hail. The missiles are capable of hitting hail clouds at a distance of up to 10 kilometers and at altitudes of more than 8 kilometers and are equipped with a self-destruction system. The use of anti-hail missiles makes it possible to reduce crop losses from hail in the southern regions of Russia by 70-90%. Previously, missiles were used in combat operations in the Caucasus and Transnistria.

 

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Autonomous unmanned cleaning robots "Pixel" began to be used in cleaning several areas of Moscow on an ongoing basis. The Russian cleaning robot was developed by Avtonomika.” Pixel robots are equipped with lidar, radar, sensors and machine vision to move safely and can operate year-round in any weather. The robot is equipped with interchangeable attachments to perform various tasks, removing snow in winter, and mopping and sweeping paths in summer. When the robot encounters an obstacle in its path, it recognizes it and bypasses or allows the person to pass. Robots will not be able to replace wipers, but they will reduce their number. The robot's electric battery provides 16 hours of continuous operation and allows it to reach speeds of up to 10 km/h, and when cleaning up to 5 km/h. Having completed the task, the robot itself returns to the base. The developer plans to begin mass production of robots in 2024. After this, in Moscow it will be possible to “introduce unmanned vehicles into the city economy.”

 
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