South Korea Armed Forces

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Dokdo class amphibious assault ship (Landing Platform Helicopter)

dokdo_class.jpg


Boats & landing
craft carried:

2 LCAC (LSF-II)

Sensors and
processing systems: SMART-L air search radar, MW08surface search radar, AN/SPS-95K navigation radar, TACAN, VAMPIR-MB optronic sight

Electronic warfare
& decoys: ESM/ECM:SLQ-200(v)5K SONATA, Chaff launcher

Propulsion: 4 SEMT Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC marine Diesel engine
24 MW (32,000 shp)

Speed: 23 knots (43 km/h) maximum
18 knots (33 km/h) cruising

Capacity: Up to 200 vehicles (Including Tanks)

Troops: 720 marines

Armament: 2 × Goalkeeper CIWS
1 × RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missile
Aircraft carried: Up to 10 helicopters
(UH-1H, UH-60P or Super Lynx)

Aviation facilities Flight deck with 5 landing spots and hangar




Description:

Dokdo Class Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH)
ROKS Dokdo (LPH 6111) is the Landing Platform Helicopter (LPH) of the Republic of Korea Navy (ROKN). The LPH was built by Hanjin Heavy Industries and Construction in Busan. The ship was named after the Dokdo islets in the East Sea.

The lead ship in its class, ROKS Dokdo (LPH 6111), was launched in July 2005 and commissioned into the ROKN in July 2007. The ROKN also planned to deploy two similar ships intended for strategic mobile units. The second and third units will be named Marado (LPH 6112) and Baengnyeong (LPH 6113).

Dokdo LPH acts as a command and control platform for the maritime mobile fleet and supports three-dimensional landing operations as well as maritime air operations. It can also be deployed in a range of operations including in support of national overseas policy, peacekeeping operations, disaster recovery, counter-terrorism operations and national prestige enhancement.

Dokdo is the largest vessel in the South Korean Navy. It has almost similar specifications compared to the Spanish Navy’s aircraft carrier Príncipe de Asturias and the Thai Navy’s Chakri Naruebet light aircraft carrier.

Design and features
The hull is divided into four decks to accommodate helicopters, assault amphibious vehicles (AAV), landing craft air cushion (LCAC), tanks and trucks. Accommodation facilities, command posts and crew life support systems are located on deck 2.
Developed based on the concept of over-the-horizon assaults, Dokdo can conduct amphibious landing operations with high-speed LCAC and helicopters from beyond the horizon.

The ship’s combat data system manages and controls onboard weapons and allows the ship to command support vessels and aircraft in the strategic mobile operation fleet.
The ship has an overall length of 199m, a width of 31m and a draught of 7m. The standard displacement of the vessel is 14,000t and full load displacement is 18,000t. The LPH can carry over 700 marines, 10 trucks, six tanks, six AAVs, three field artillery pieces, 10 helicopters and two LCACs. Dokdo can complement more than 330 crew members.

Aircraft capabilities
The flight deck can accommodate five UH-60 Black Hawk helicopters at a time. The aircraft hangar facility is provided for UH-60 helicopter and the AH-1 attack helicopter. The aeroplane shed on the lower deck is a multi-layer structure equipped with elevators.

The flight deck is covered with Urethane to withstand the heat created by the aircraft during operations.

The ship can operate short-range and VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft such as the Harrier or F-35B, when equipped with a ski jump board module.
The LPH is armed with RIM-116 RAM (rolling airframe missile) system. RAM is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile used against anti-ship cruise missiles.

The missile can travel at a maximum speed of Mach 2 while carrying a blast fragmentation warhead for a range of 9km. The ship is also fitted with two goalkeeper close-in weapon systems (CIWS) supplied by Thales Nederland. The system provides close-point defence against incoming missiles and ballistic shells. The seven barrelled CIWS can fire 4,200 rounds a minute for a maximum range of 2,000m.

Radar technology
The ship’s long range volume search radar is the Thales SMART-L. The radar can detect and track targets within the range of 400km. The ship is also equipped with MW08 surface search radar and AN/SPS-95K navigation radar.

Propulsion system
Dokdo’s propulsion system is based on combined diesel and diesel (CODAD) plant. The propulsion system integrates four S.E.M.T. Pielstick 16 PC2.5 STC diesel engines. These engines were licence built in Korea by Doosan Heavy Industries and Construction.

Each engine, rated at 7,650kW, is equipped with sequential turbo charging (STC) system. The CAE Integrated Platform Management System (IPMS) monitors and controls the hull, propulsion, electrical distribution, steering and battle damage control systems. The propulsion system provides a maximum speed of 23kt and cruising range of 10,000nm at 18kt speed.

http://www.naval-technology.com/projects/dodko-class/
 
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South Korea to build destroyers that can be fitted with missile interceptors
By Elizabeth Shim

April 30 (UPI) -- South Korea said Tuesday it is closer to building destroyers and attack submarines that could respond to the "changing security environment" on the peninsula.

Seoul's Defense Acquisition Program Administration said at a defense initiative committee meeting the plan is to build KDX-III Batch II Aegis destroyers, and KSS-III 3,000-ton indigenously designed diesel-electric attack submarines, Newsis reported.

The KDX-III Batch-II could be the first South Korea vessel class to be fitted with directed energy weapons, or SM-3 interceptors.

The Aegis destroyers would be an improved version of the 7,600-ton King Sejong-class destroyer that began to be deployed in the South in December 2008.

The next generation South Korean vessels can be equipped with a vertical launcher capable of shooting SM-3 ballistic missiles that can travel to an altitude of about 300 miles, DAPA said.

The future submarines would also include an increased detection range and low-frequency sonar, according to the report.

The three Aegis ships are likely to be built by the year 2028, and will require an investment of $3.3 billion. Hyundai Heavy Industries is to be involved in the exploratory development of the destroyers.

A DAPA official told Newsis the destroyers are being considered to prepare for potential conflicts at sea, and for "overseas peacekeeping operations."

Nuclear talks with North Korea have stalled since February, when Kim Jong Un and U.S. President Donald Trump failed to reach a deal on denuclearization.

South Korean President Moon Jae-in has asked both sides to return to talks, but the road ahead could be long, Moon's unification minister said Tuesday, according to Yonhap.

Kim Yeon-chul told a group of overseas Korean journalists inter-Korea trust building has a long way to go, but that "it is a path that we should take."
North Korea declined to attend a ceremony marking the one-year anniversary of the first Moon-Kim summit over the weekend.

South Korea to build destroyers that can be fitted with missile interceptors
 

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South Korea Approves $6.3 Billion Deal for New Warships
03.May.2019

South Korea’s Ministry of National Defense has approved the construction of three more KDX-III Sejong the Great-class destroyers, along with three more KSS-III diesel-electric attack submarines. The procurement is worth $6.3 billion.

The Defense Project Promotion Committee, a division of the Defense Acquisition Program Administration, decided on Tuesday to OK the $6.3 billion deal, which will enhance South Korea's ballistic missile defenses above the waves and its offensive capabilities below. The vessels are expected to join the Republic of Korea Navy by 2028, Yonhap News Agency reported.

The 11,000-ton Sejong the Great-class destroyers carry the AEGIS Baseline 9 combat system, giving them upgraded air defenses as well as ballistic missile defense. The Diplomat notes the ships, roughly comparable to the US Navy's Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, will carry the SM-2 Block IIIB surface-to-air missile and SM-3 Block IB missie, both of which are made by US defense giant Raytheon and are used for different types of anti-air defense.

While three of the destroyers have been in service with the navy since 2008, the KSS-III submarines, also called the Jangbogo-III-class, are new and of an indigenous design.

The first boat, dubbed "Dosan Ahn Chang-ho," only put to sea for the first time in September 2018, Sputnik reported. The 3,450-ton sub is Seoul's first ballistic missile submarine and by far the largest of South Korea's 18 submarines, sporting 10 vertical launch tubes that can carry either ballistic missiles or cruise missiles.

However, Dosan Ahn Chang-ho is still being tested and won't be delivered to the navy until at least 2020. That hasn't stopped Seoul, though, which hopes to have all four KSS-III subs in service by 2025.

 

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South Korea air force test flies new F-35A stealth fighters
By Elizabeth Shim
MAY 3, 2019

South Korea has begun test flights of the F-35A stealth fighter aircraft. File Photo by Staff Sgt. Kate Thornton/U.S. Air Force


May 3 (UPI) -- The South Korean air force has begun test flights of new F-35A stealth fighter jets, according to multiple press reports.
The Lockheed Martin-manufactured aircraft began training exercises from an air base in Cheongju, North Chungcheong Province, in mid-April, Yonhap reported Friday.

The aircraft made their journey from Luke Air Base in Arizona on March 22, covering a distance of more than 8,500 miles. The F-35A can reach a maximum combat speed of Mach 1.8 and can carry Joint Direct Attack Munition, a guided air-to-surface weapon that converts unguided bombs into precision-guided munitions.

The F-35A's stealth function allows the aircraft to fly undetected by radar, allowing it to better track and destroy enemy missiles.

Local news service EDaily reported Friday the training means the stealth fighters will soon be deployed with South Korea's military.
A South Korean air force representative told EDaily and other press services the strategic deployment is "on schedule."
"We have to carefully check to see if there any malfunctions ahead of strategic deployment," the representative added without providing details, the report said.

South Korea plans to deploy more than 10 F-35A fighter jets by the end of 2019 and 40 aircraft by 2021.
In his most recent summit with South Korean President Moon Jae-in, President Donald Trump had expressed appreciation for South Korea purchases of U.S. weapons.
South Korea "agreed to purchase a tremendous amount of our military equipment from jet fighters to missiles, to lots of other things," Trump said.

The Donga Ilbo reported other possible purchases could include the MH-60R Seahawk multi-mission helicopter.

Nuclear talks with North Korea have stalled since February, when Kim Jong Un and Trump failed to reach a deal on denuclearization.
North Korea also declined to attend a ceremony marking the one-year anniversary of the first Moon-Kim summit over the weekend.

 

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Defense ministry calls on North Korea to halt raising tensions
By Yonhap News Agency
MAY 7, 2019

SEOUL, May 7 (UPI) -- South Korea's defense ministry called on North KoreaTuesday to stop escalating military tensions on the Korean peninsula, expressing concern over Pyongyang's firing of multiple projectiles into the East Sea over the weekend.

On Saturday, North Korea fired "several short-range projectiles" involving a new type of tactical guided weapons and 240-mm and 300-mm multiple rocket launcher systems off the East Coast from Hodo peninsula near its eastern coastal town of Wonsan between 9:06 a.m. and 10:55 a.m., according to Seoul's Joint Chiefs of Staff.

They were spotted flying 70 to 240 kilometers, with their altitude ranging from 20 to 60 km, the JCS added.

"We are deeply concerned about North Korea's launch of multiple projectiles, which violates the spirit of the inter-Korean military agreement," ministry spokesperson Choi Hyun Soo said when asked if Seoul regards the firings as provocations.

"We urge North Korea to halt acts that escalate military tensions on the Korean Peninsula," she added.

In September last year, the two Koreas signed the Comprehensive Military Agreement on the sidelines of the third summit between President Moon JaeIn and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Pyongyang, under which the two sides vowed a series of trust-building and arms-control measures under a broader scheme to halt all hostile acts against each other.

While noting that the South Korean and the U.S. intelligence authorities are analyzing exactly what North Korea fired, the South Korean military has said it is not known if the tactical weapons are ballistic missiles or not.

Experts have said, based on analysis of photographs released by the North's Korean Central News agency, they are believed to be short-range, ground-to-ground ballistic missiles, which are known as the North Korean version of Russia's Iskander.

The solid-fuel missiles can fly as far as 300 km, which puts a large part of the Korean Peninsula within their range, and they are capable of neutralizing THAAD, an advanced U.S. anti-missile defense system, and are nearly impossible to eliminate before launch due to their mobility, experts noted.

If confirmed as ballistic missiles, the latest launch could be a source of controversy, as the United Nations Security Council resolution bans the communist nation from all kinds of ballistic missile launches.

On Saturday, the JCS initially announced that North Korea fired "short-range missiles" but later relabeled them as only "projectiles."

 

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MAY 8, 2019
Russia reconnaissance planes trespassed South Korea zone, report says
By Elizabeth Shim

May 8 (UPI) -- Two Russian military aircraft entered South Korea's Air Defense Identification Zone multiple times on Friday, and the South took tactical action by scrambling fighter jets, according to a South Korean press report.

Kukmin Ilbo reported Wednesday two Russian Tupolev Tu-142 aircraft entered the KADIZ starting about 8:02 a.m. on Friday, after exiting the JADIZ, or Japan's Air Defense Identification Zone.

South Korea responded with F-15K fighter jets, but soon after Russia told the South the aircraft were en route to a training exercise, according to the report.

The Tu-142 is a Russian maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft. On Friday, the planes had entered Korea's air defense zone a total of four times, while flying over the Sea of Japan, or the East Sea.

The Japan Joint Staff were the first to make public the Russian maneuvers in the KADIZ, according to the Kukmin. South Korea's military said they decided not to publicize the incident because "no special movements" were detected, the report says.

Last July, South Korea also scrambled fighter jets after two Russian military planes entered the KADIZ multiple times. South Korea's joint chiefs at the time did issue a statement.

On Friday, the Russian aircraft were going to an exercise being held in Qingdao, China, that took place from April 29 through Saturday.

Russia and China are cooperating more closely on international issues, and Beijing's top diplomat Wang Yi is to travel to Moscow on Sunday, South Korean news agency Yonhap reported.

China's foreign ministry said Wang is traveling upon the invitation of Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov, while the two sides celebrate 70 years of diplomatic ties.

Russia's Tass news agency reported Lavrov is to meet with U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Tuesday.

 

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Can South Korea’s defense shield thwart the North’s new short-range missile?
By: Jeff Jeong  
08 May 2019


North Korea’s test of what appears to be new a short-range ballistic missile may not have been a direct threat to the United States, but experts warn it’s almost certainly an omen of bigger problems on the horizon. (Korean Central News Agency/Korea News Service via AP)

SEOUL — North Korea’s recent firing of a new type of short-range missile is raising questions about the feasibility of South Korea’s missile defense capability.

On May 4, North Korea fired a salvo of rockets and tactical guided weapons near the east coast city of Wonsan, marking the first military provocation in 17 months, during a live-fire drill reportedly attended by its leader Kim Jong Un. The projectiles flew 70-240 kilometers before crashing into the eastern waters off the Korean Peninsula, according to South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff.

Shin Jong-woo, a senior analyst at the Seoul-based Korea Defense and Security Forum, analyzed photos of the weapons systems released by the North’s state-run Korean Central News Agency a day after the test launch.

“The newly tested weapon, which had been made public during a military parade last year, appears to the Russian Iskander look-alike,” he said. “The design of wings and warhead shown in the photos resembles that of Iskander, and the North Korean missile seems to copy the solid-propellant, single-stage guided missile of the Russian precision ballistic missile complex.

“The number of wheels for the transporter-erector-launcher is also [the] same.”

Shin Won-shik, a former vice chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, said the new ballistic missile type might be able to penetrate South Korea’s missile defense systems.

“The Iskander missile is known to be capable of maneuvering at different altitudes and trajectories during flight so as to evade anti-ballistic missiles,” the retired three-star general said. “The South Korean missile shield has been developed with a focus on coping with existing ballistic missiles, such as Scud and No Dong missiles, so there are questions if the current missile defense plans are fitted for thwarting the newer missile threat.”

South Korea is on track to build its own low-tier missile shield dubbed the Korea Air and Missile Defense system or KAMD — a network that includes Patriot Advanced Capability-2 and -3 interceptors, ship-based SM-2 missiles, and locally developed medium-range surface-to-air missiles. The U.S. Army’s Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system was deployed in the southern part of South Korea in 2007 to augment the low-tier, terminal-phase KAMD.

South Korea also has an operational plan to preemptively destroy key North Korean military targets should the North show signs of a missile launch or cross-border attack. The plan is part of the so-called Kill Chain program involving airborne early warning and surveillance assets, precision-guided missiles from fighter jets and ground-based systems.

“The Kill Chain is based on the premise that our military can detect, track and strike targets prior to [an] enemy’s real attacks,” Shin said. “Compared to liquid-fuel missiles, solid-fuel missiles could be fired faster and have greater mobility. In the worst-case scenario, the KAMD and Kill Chain systems may need to be redesigned to thwart the newer threats.”

North Korea’s new missile was likely upgraded from the North’s KN-02 Toksa missile, also modified from the Russian OTR-21 Tochka short-range ballistic missile, according to Shin Jong-woo.

“North Korea has long been developing Russian-origin missile technologies, [though] it’s unclear if the communist regime would have taken those technologies from a third country operating Iskander systems, such as Syria and Algeria,” he added.

Developed in the 1970s as a replacement for the Scud short-range ballistic missile, the Iskander is a road-based mobile launch system that can fire several models of ballistic and cruise missiles. It is said to have at least seven types of missiles with different conventional warheads, including a high-explosive fragmentation warhead and nuclear warheads.

The missile is known to have a range of up to 500 kilometers and controlled with gas-dynamic and aerodynamic control surfaces. It uses small fins to reduce its radar signature.

“The missile is potentially capable of conducting strikes on all areas of South Korea, including key American military installations,” according to Kim Dong-yub, an analyst at Kyungnam University’s Institute of Far Eastern Studies. “What worries most is the missile could carry a nuclear warhead with up to 500 kilograms.”

About 28,500 American forces are stationed in South Korea. The U.S. military’s main headquarters is based in Pyeongtaek, 70 kilometers south of the capital Seoul.

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo played down the North Korean missile threat in an interview with ABC News on Sunday, noting the missiles are “relatively short range” and “landed in the water east of North Korea and didn’t present a threat to the United States or to South Korea or Japan.”

 

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Report: Radar in South Korea network could not track missiles
By Elizabeth Shim
MAY 13, 2019

North Korea's latest missiles appear to be similar to the Russian Iskander, a short-range, nuclear-capable ballistic missile. File Photo by KCNA/UPI | License Photo


May 13 (UPI) -- North Korean missiles tested last week may have been only partly detected in South Korea despite an extensive network of early warning radar in the country, according to a local press report.

EDaily reported Monday the Peace Eye airborne early warning and control aircraft, and early warning systems on Aegis ships, may have not detected the missiles after launch. The South Korean military said the reason why the missiles were not tracked on Aegis destroyers is "currently under analysis," according to the report.

The missiles were tracked largely through the South Korean air force's early warning radar, most likely Green Pine missile-defense radar.

The report comes days after South Korea's joint chiefs of staff may have said there was movement detected of "vehicles" going back and forth at the site launch ahead of the most recent test of North Korean missiles.

South Korean lawmaker Lee Eun-jae had said on Friday there appeared to be a movements of on-the-ground vehicles detected about a minute before launch.

But by Monday South Korean military authorities were refuting Lee's comments, and said it had detected North Korean movements on the ground one minute after, not before, the tests.

South Korea's Peace Eye fleet began to be deployed in 2011-12. A total of four aircraft are deployed in the network, but one aircraft is undergoing maintenance.

North Korea's most recent missiles flew 260 miles and 170 miles. They were launched from Kusong in the northwest last Thursday.

News 1 reported Monday South Korea's military said the projectiles are still under analysis, but experts in Korea and elsewhere say the launch vehicles are similar to the Russian Iskander, a short-range, nuclear-capable ballistic missile.

Kim Dong-yup, an analyst at Kyungnam University, said the missiles were on display during a North Korean military parade on Feb. 28, according to the report.

The missiles have a range that exceeds 370 miles and can evade interceptors.

 
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