Anti-tank Missiles - ATGMs

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An anti-tank missile (ATM), anti-tank guided missile (ATGM), anti-tank guided weapon (ATGW) or anti-armor guided weapon, is a primarily guided missile designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles.

ATGMs range in size from shoulder-launched weapons, which can be transported by a single soldier, to larger tripod-mounted weapons, which require a squad or team to transport and fire, to vehicle and aircraft mounted missile systems.

The introduction to the modern battlefield of smaller, man-portable ATGMs with larger warheads has given infantry the ability to defeat and medium tanks at great ranges, though main battle tanks using composite and reactive armors have proven to be resistant to smaller ATGMs. Earlier infantry anti-tank weapons, such as anti-tank rifles, anti-tank rockets and magnetic anti-tank mines, had limited armor-penetration abilities and/or required a soldier to approach the target closely.

Argentina

CITEFA Mathogo
Mathogo-1.jpg

- Type Anti-tank missile
- In service 1978 - present
- Designed 1970s
- Manufacturer CITEFA

Specifications
- Weight 11.3 kg (25 lb)
- Length 0.998 m (3.27 ft)
- Diameter 102 mm (4.0 in)
- Warhead 2.8-kg HEAT warhead
- Engine Two-stage solid fuel rocket
- Wingspan 470 mm (19 in)
- Operational range 400-3,000 m
- Speed 324 km/h (202 miles/hr)

- Guidance system
MCLOS with wing-edge spoilers
- Launch platform
vehicle, ground
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Belarus

Shershen

800px-Shershen_06.jpg


- Type ATGM

- Place of origin Belarus
- Designer CJSC "SRPC"
JSC "Peleng" — Guidance device
"Luch" Design Bureau — Anti-tank missile
- Designed 2010
- Manufacturer CJSC "SRPC"
- Produced 2010 — present

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Brazil

MSS-1.2
04_dieselelektrischer_antrieb.jpg


- Type Anti-tank
- In service 2009 - Present
- Used by Brazil
- Manufacturer Mectron


- Specifications
Warhead Mectron HMX warhead family

- Detonation mechanism
solid propellant (2 stages)
Engine Motor to two stages, with solid propellant, based on double occupancy.

- Guidance system
Section of control and guidance: digital electronics, microprocessor-based Laser guidance and Radar guidance for redundancy.

- Steering system
Flight-controlled fins in cruciform configuration with electrically actuated canards and Loop control with PID strategy

- Launch platform
Individual, Vehicle
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Italy


Mosquito (missile)

Mosquito_Starter.JPG


- Type Anti-tank missile

- Place of origin Switzerland
- In service 1959 – ?
- Used by Italy
- Designer Oerlikon-Contraves
- Designed 1959-1964
- Produced 1964

Specifications

- Weight 14.1 kg
- Length 111 mm
- Width 60 mm (wingspan)
- Effective firing range 1500–1800 m
- Warhead weight 4 kg
- Speed 90 m/s (320 km/h)
- Guidance system
SACLOS
 
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Canada

ERYX



Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin France/Canada
In service 1994
Used by See users
Designed 1985-92
Manufacturer MBDA
Unit cost $1660 (Launcher); $356 (Missile)[1]
Produced 1993
Weight 13.0 kg missile and container; firing post 4.5 kg
Length 0.905 m (2.97 ft)
Diameter 0.136 m (5.4 in)
Warhead 137 mm diameter 3.6 kg tandem HEAT (penetrating 900 mm RHA behind reactive armour,[2] or 2.5 m through concrete)

Operational range
50–600 m
Speed 18 m/s (65 km/h) at launch to 245 m/s (880 km/h) at 600 m

Guidance system
SACLOS wire

Launch platform
Individual, Vehicle

 
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Serbia

Bumbar



Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Serbia
In service 2012
Designer Military Technical Institute Belgrade
Designed 2005
Manufacturer Krušik
Number built 12 station in final stage of production(100 missiles) + 3 prototypes built
Specifications
Weight
Missile: 10kg
Launch tube: 2 kg
Firing post: 4 kg
Tripod: 2 kg
Total: 18 kg
Length 0.9 m (35 in)
Diameter 136 mm (5.4 in)
Warhead tandem, shaped charge

Operational range
60 m-600 m
(1000 m under development)
Speed 18 m/s at launch - 245 m/s at maximum

Guidance system
SACLOS wire-guided

Launch platform
Individual, Vehicle

 
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Serbia

ALAS (missile)



Type Long range multipurpose missile
Place of origin Serbia
Used by SRB
Manufacturer EdePro, Yugoimport SDPR
Weight 55 kg ALAS
Length 2300mm ALAS-A , 1800mm LORANA
Diameter 175mm x 1,450mm (wingspan) ALAS
Engine solid fueled boost phase motor, EdePro TMM-404 single-shaft turbojet ALAS, rocket engine LORANA
Speed 180m/s

Guidance system
optical

 
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South Africa

ZT3 Ingwe



Type Anti-tank guided missile
Place of origin South Africa
In service 1987 - Present
Used by See Users
Wars South African Border War
Designer Denel Dynamics
Designed During the 1980s
Manufacturer Denel Dynamics
Produced 1987 - Present
Variants ZT3, ZT3A2
Weight 28.5 kg
Length 1750 mm
Diameter 127 mm
Warhead Tandem-charge HEAT warhead, Multi-Purpose Penetrator (MPP) warhead

Detonation mechanism
Impact

Operational range
250 m – 5,000 m
Speed 200 m/s

Guidance system
Laser beam riding
 
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China

HJ-10



Type Anti-helicopter / anti-tank / air-to-surface and surface-to-surface missile

Place of origin
People's Republic of China

In service From the late 1990s to the present

Used by
China

Manufacturer
China North Industries Group Corporation Elctro-Opticals Science & Technology Ltd.

Produced After late 1990s

Weight ≈ 50 kg

Warhead
HEAT and others

Engine
rocket motor

Propellant solid fuel

Operational range
≈ 10+ km
Speed supersonic

Guidance system
ImIR, semi-active laser homing, TV and MMW ARH
Launch platform
Air and ground-base


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HJ-9



Type anti-tank and air-to-surface missiles

Place of origin
China

In service 1990s to present

Manufacturer
Norinco

Produced Since 1990s

Weight 37 kg

Length 1200 mm

Diameter 152 mm

Warhead Tandem
HEAT warhead, 1100-1200 mm penetration RHAe

Detonation mechanism
Contact fuse
Engine rocket motor

Propellant solid fuel

Operational range
100 – 5500 meters
Guidance system
laser-beam-riding & MMW radar
Launch platform
Air & ground


 
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China/Pakistan

HJ-8



Type Anti-tank missile

Place of origin People's Republic of China
Used by See users

Wars Yugoslav wars, Syrian Civil War
Designer Research Institute 203
Designed 1970-1984
Manufacturer NORINCO (Factory 282, Factory 5618) Khan Research Laboratories (Pakistan)
Variants see variants
Weight 25 kg
Length 1,566 mm
Diameter 120 mm
Engine Solid-fuel rocket

Operational range
3000-4000 m
Speed 220 m/s
Guidance system
SACLOS wire guidance
Launch platform
Tri-pod, vehicle, aircraft

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HJ-12



Type Anti-tank missile


Place of origin People's Republic of China

Used by See Users
Manufacturer NORINCO
Weight 22 kg (carry weight)
Missile: 17 kg est
Length Missile: 0.98 m
Launch tube: 1.2 m
Diameter Missile: 13.5 cm
Launch tube: 17 cm
Effective firing range 2000 m to 4000 m
Warhead Tandem shaped charge HEAT
Detonation mechanism
Impact force
Engine Solid fuel rocket
Guidance system
infrared homing, CCD

 
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France/ West Germany

MILAN




Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin France / West Germany
In service 1972–present
Designed 1970s
Manufacturer MBDA
Produced 1972
Number built 350,000 missiles, 10,000 launchers
Variants See variants
Weight 7.1 kg
Length 1.2 m
Diameter 0.115 m
Warhead tandem HEAT

Detonation mechanism

contact
Engine solid-fuel rocket
Wingspan 0.26 m
Flight ceiling -
Speed 200 m/s

Guidance system

SACLOS wire

Steering system

Jet deflector

Launch platform

Individual, vehicle

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HOT (missile)



Type Anti-tank missile


Place of origin France / West Germany
Manufacturer Euromissile (now MBDA)
Produced 1977–present
Variants HOT 1, HOT 2, HOT 3
Weight 24.5 kg
Length 1.30 m
Diameter 0.15 m
Warhead Tandem charge HEAT
Engine Two-stage solid fuel rocket
Wingspan 0.31 m
Operational range
75-4,300 m
Speed 864 km/h
Guidance system
SACLOS
Launch platform
Vehicle, helicopter

 
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India

DRDO Anti Tank Missile

The DRDO Anti-tank missile (ATM) is a first generation wire-guided missile developed in India by Defense Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). It has a subsonic speed up to 300 ft/s (91 m/s) with a range of 1.6 km and carries a 106 mm HEAT warhead.

Nag_missile_closeup.JPG


Nag (missile)

Nag-Missiles.jpg


Type Anti-tank guided missile

Place of origin India

In service 2015?

Used by See Operators

Manufacturer Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)

Weight 42 kg (93 lb)

Length 1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)

Diameter 190 mm (7.5 in)

Warhead 8 kg (18 lb) tandem warhead

Engine Tandem solid Propulsion
(Nitramine based smokeless extruded double base sustainer propellant)

Wingspan 400 mm

Operational range
Land version: 500m to 4km (Air-launched: 7-10km)[1]
Speed 230 m/s

Guidance system
Active Imaging infra-red (IIR) seeker,
millimetric wave (mmW active radar homing seeker (under development)
Launch platform
Nag Missile Carrier (NAMICA)
HAL Dhruv Helicopter
HAL Light Combat Helicopter


 
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Israel

MAPATS

800px-MAPATS.jpg


Effective range: 300 - 6,000 meters
Length: 148 cm
Diameter: 156 mm
Weight

Missile itself: 18 kg
Missile in canister: 29 kg
Launcher: 66 kg

Propulsion: 2 stage solid rocket motor
Penetration: 1,200 mm
Guidance: IR-laser-beam riding
Warhead: HEAT, HE

LAHAT - fired through smoothbore tank gun tubes of Merkava tanks



LAHAT ATGM quad pack for helicopters

Type ATGM

Place of origin
Israel

In service began in 1992

Used by See operators

Production history

Unit cost $25,000 (1999)

Weight 13
kg (28.7 lb)

Length 975
mm (38.4 in)

Diameter 105 mm (4.1 in)

Warhead Tandem HEAT

Warhead weight 4.5
kg (9.9 lb)
6,000–8,000 m (6,600–8,700 yd)
8,000–13,000 m (8,700–14,200 yd) air launched
Speed 285–300
m/s (940–980 ft/s)

Guidance system
Semi-Active Laser Homing
Launch platform
105–120 mm smooth bore


1278798541596.jpg


 
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Spike (missile)



Spike ATGM Command & launcher unit (CLU) with mock-up Spike-LR missile mounted on a tripod at Singapore Army Open House 2007

Type Anti-tank missile

Place of origin
Israel
In service
1981–present (Spike NLOS)
1997–present
Used by
See Users

Wars 1982 Lebanon War, Second Intifada, Iraq War, 2006 Lebanon War, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), Gaza War

Designed Late 1970s (Spike NLOS)

Manufacturer Rafael Advanced Defense Systems

Diehl BGT Defence (Now part of Rheinmetall Defence Electronics)

Produced
Early 1980s – present (Spike NLOS)
1997–present
Variants See versions

Specifications

Weight
Spike-ER from helicopter:

• Missile in canister: 34 kg (74 lb 15 oz)
• Launcher: 55 kg (121 lb 4 oz)
• Launcher + 4 missiles: 187 kg (412 lb 4 oz)
Spike-MR/LR from ground:
• Missile round: 14 kg (30 lb 14 oz)
• Command & launch unit (CLU): 5 kg (11 lb 0 oz)
• Tripod: 2.8 kg (6 lb 3 oz)
• Battery: 1 kg (2 lb 3 oz)
• Thermal sight: 4 kg (8 lb 13 oz)
Length 1,670 mm (5 ft 6 in) (Missile w/launcher)

Diameter 170 mm (6.7 in) (Missile w/launcher)

Rate of fire Ready to launch in 30 seconds, reload in 15 seconds

Maximum firing range 800 to 25,000 m (870 to 27,340 yd) depending on version

Sights 10× optical sight

Warhead Tandem-charge HEAT warhead

Detonation mechanism
Impact
Engine Solid-fuel rocket

Guidance system
Infrared homing – Electro Optical (CCD, IR or Dual CCD/IIR), Passive CCD or dual CCD/IIR seeker



Nimrod (missile)


  • Effective range: 300 - 36,000 meters
  • Length: 265 cm
  • Diameter: 170 mm
  • Body: 18 cm
  • Span 40 cm
  • Weight: 100 kg
  • Speed: ~2000 km/h Or Mach 0.8
  • Propulsion: Single stage solid rocket motor
  • Guidance: Semi-Active Laser Homing
  • Warhead: HEAT, Fragmentation-HE, Thermobaric, Anti Personnel Munition
 
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Japan

Type 79 Jyu-MAT



A Type 79 LMAT launcher on display.
Type Heavy anti-tank/landing-craft guided missile
Place of origin Japan
In service 1984 to present
Used by Japan
Designer Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Produced 1980 to present
Weight 15.7 kg missile
278 kg system
Length 1.5 m
Diameter 153 mm
Crew 1
Warhead Shaped charge on tanks/armored vehicles
Fragmentation charged warhead for landing vessels and ships.
Warhead weight 4.2 kg

Detonation mechanism
Impact or delayed impact
Speed 200 m/s

Guidance system
Wire guided SACLOS






Type 87 Chu-MAT



The Type 87 launcher and laser designator on a single tripod.
Type Laser guided anti-tank missile
Place of origin Japan
In service 1989 - present
Used by Japan
Designer Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute
Designed Late 1970s
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Mitsubishi Motors
Produced 1987 to present
Specifications
Weight Missile 12 kg
System 140 kg
Length 1 m
Crew 3
Caliber Between 110 and 120 mm
Effective firing range 2,000 m
Sights Laser assisted sights
Guidance
system
Laser guidance



Type 96 Multi-Purpose Missile System



Type 96 Multi-purpose Missile System
Type Anti-tank/Anti-Landing craft missile
Place of origin Japan
In service 1996 - Present
Used by Japan
Designer JGSDF Ground Research and Development Command:GRD
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Unit cost 1set 2.4billion yen(2007)
Specifications
Weight
60 kg
Length about 2.0 m
Diameter about 16 cm
Engine Solid Fuel Rocket

Operational range
>over 10km / 25km estimate

Guidance system
infrared homing based on Optical fiber Imaging infrared (IIR)



Type 01 LMAT



A Type 01 LMAT launcher on display. It is missing the bulky polystyrene end-caps, as well as an optical unit above the control stick.
Type Manportable fire-and-forget anti-tank missile
Place of origin Japan
In service 2001–present
Used by Japan
Designer Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute
Designed 1993
Manufacturer Kawasaki Heavy Industries 
Unit cost $260,000 (reusable Command Launch Unit) (2001)
Produced 2001–present
Specifications
Weight
11.4 kg missile
17.5 kg system
Length 970 mm
Diameter 140 mm
Caliber 120 mm
Effective firing range 2 km
Sights Thermographic camera (Uncooled infrared detector)
Warhead Tandem-charged HEAT warhead

Detonation mechanism
Impact force
Engine Solid Fuel Rocket
Speed 4 Kilometers/minute

Guidance system
infrared homing, CCD



 
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Sweden

BILL 2 Anti-tank guided weapon

BILL 2_IMAGE5_2009_HI2.jpg

BILL 2 Anti-Tank Guided Weapon - Army Technology


MBT LAW



Type Anti-tank missile launcher
Place of origin Sweden
United Kingdom
Service history
Used by
Sweden
United Kingdom
Luxembourg
Finland
Designer Saab Bofors Dynamics
Designed May 2002
Manufacturer Thales Air Defence
Produced 2009
Specifications
Weight
12.5 kg
Length 1016 mm
Crew One.
Calibre 150 mm Warhead
Muzzle velocity 40m/s to Subsonic
Effective firing range 20m to 600m
Maximum firing range 1000 m

 
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Turkey

Roketsan Cirit

Type Air-to-surface anti-armor and soft target
Place of origin Turkey
Service history
Used by
Turkish Army
Production history
Designed
2004 – 2009
Manufacturer Roketsan
Produced 2011 - present
Specifications
Weight
14 kg
Length 1.9 m
Diameter 2.75" (70 mm)
Warhead
Tri-Mode:
Anti Armour, Anti Personnel and Incendiary
Anti Personnel: Increased Anti Personnel and Incendiary
Warhead weight 3 kg insensitive explosive
Engine Solid-fuel rocket

Operational range

1.5 - 8 km

Guidance system
Midcourse Guidance:
MEMS-IMU, MEMS-INS, Magnetometer
Terminal Guidance: Semi-Active Laser Seeker

Steering system

Pop-out fins

Launch platform

Attack Helicopter
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle



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Mızrak-U


UMTAS Long Range Antitank Missile System
Type
Air-to-surface, Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Turkey
Production history
Manufacturer
Roketsan A.Ş.
Specifications
Weight
37.5 kg[1]
Length 175 cm
Diameter 16 cm
Warhead Insensitive Anti-armor Tandem Warhead
Engine Solid-fuel rocket

Operational range

500 – 8000 m

Guidance system

Two-way RF Data-link and Imaging Infrared Seeker

Launch platform

Rotary wing platforms
Unmanned combat air vehicles
 
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