COIN Aircrafts | World Defense

COIN Aircrafts

Khafee

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Counter-insurgency aircraft or COIN aircraft are a specialized variety of military light attack aircraft, designed for counter-insurgency operations, armed reconnaissance, air escort of ground forces, and ground support against "low-intensity engagements"; usually irregular groups of insurgents armed with artillery and/or portable rockets.

Roles
Some of the roles carried out by counter-insurgency aircraft include:
  • Transportation in support of combatants and civilians alike, including casualty evacuation (CASEVAC).
  • Intelligence gathering, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
  • Psychological operations (PSYOPs) through leaflet drops, loudspeakers, and radio broadcasts.
  • Air-to-ground attack against soft targets.
For an aircraft—whether fixed-wing or rotary—to effectively carry out all these roles, it should have specification characteristics such as low loitering speed, long endurance, simplicity in maintenance, and the capability to perform short or vertical take-offs and landings from makeshift and roughly constructed runways.

History
The first use of counter-insurgency aircraft was in the 1920s and 1930s during some of the colonial wars, in nations like Ethiopia and Iraq. The benefits offered by even a single aircraft in tasks such as reconnaissance or strafing small groups of individuals proved immeasurable. As the British found in Iraq in the 1920s and from some encounters within the frontiers of Pashtunistan, aircraft stripped away many of the advantages that traditional insurgents had held. It also offered a way of inflicting direct and cost-effective retaliation on the communities that supported the insurgents.

By the late 1950s, French air operations in the Algerian War was decidedly counter-insurgent in nature, with helicopters such as the Piasecki H-21 being used not only to carry infantry, but also machine guns and rocket launchers on an ad hoc basis, to reach FLN guerilla positions on otherwise inaccessible mountain ridges and peaks.[2]
As late as the Vietnam War, counter-insurgency missions were flown by existing aeroplanes and helicopters hastily adapted for the role, notable examples being the North American T-28 Trojan and Douglas A-1 Skyraider. Eventually, dedicated specialized counter-insurgency aircraft began to be produced. Examples including:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counter-insurgency_aircraft
 

Khafee

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https://www.iomax.net/archangel/

The two-seat, dual-control Archangel, based on the Thrush 710P agricultural crop duster

The Archangel is a development of the Air Tractor AT-802 Border Patrol Aircraft developed by Iomax of Mooresville, North Carolina

The new model builds on the AT-802, embodying many new capabilities including enhanced survivability with podded underwing defensive aids and missile warning sensors built into the wings. With its large wing and powerful, 1,600 shp. Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67F turboprop, the Archangel is able to lift a full weapon load plus 670 U.S. gallons of fuel. Endurance is a respectable 10+ hours and maximum altitude (with oxygen) is 25,000 ft. “No other airborne platform even comes close” boasts Iomax.

On the centerline pylon is the distinctive Iomax Flexible Pod with a Wescam MX-15D electro-optical camera pod as its primary sensor, while the back end contains a Rover datalink allowing full motion video to be passed to ground troops. The pod also contains a weapon datalink and a synthetic aperture radar.

The Archangel is fitted with an Esterline CMC Electronics Cockpit 4000 glass-cockpit avionics suite, already in use on a number of jet trainers, with three 5x7 inch multifunction displays in the front cockpit and one in the rear cockpit, based around a mission computer that manages and integrates sensors and radios.

For the UAE, the Archangel has been fitted out with typical weaponry including the Lockheed Martin Hellfire, a Mk-82 laser guided bomb, and Roketsan’s Cirit lightweight missile. Iomax’s website states that the aircraft has also been cleared to fire Roketsan’s UMTAS anti-tank missile, presumably as an alternative option to the U.S.-controlled Hellfire.

http://aviationweek.com/dubai-air-show-2015/uae-taking-delivery-archangel-coin-aircraft

The Archangel has fully integrated night vision capable front and rear glass cockpits. The aircraft features easy access for maintenance in the field or fixed base operations. The Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67F engine powers the MTV-27 MT Propeller 5-Blade propeller allowing for shorter take-off distances, reduced audible signature, increased rate of climb and cruise speed, and overall smoother operations. With a large wing area designed for heavy payload capacity, Archangel has a fixed reinforced landing gear for hard-landing survivability on rough field operations. Featuring unmatched operational flexibility, the multi-mission Archangel can operate up to 25,000 feet (with oxygen), and has 4,800 lb (2177 kg) external stores payload capacity.

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Archangel Specs:
Airframe
Thrush S2R-660

Power Plant
Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67F

Max Altitude
25,000 Ft MSL

Cruise Speed
180 KTAS

Endurance
10+ Hrs (ISR Mode)

Seating
Tandem Dual Control

Data Links
FMV ROVER Compatible

Communications
VHF/UHF, SATCOM

Sensor
WESCAM MX-15 EO/IR

Ordnance
6 Wing Hardpoints
 

Atalay

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Domestic engine is in tests, most avionics and ECM suites domestic as well as weapons .

The below picture is symbolic and shows domestic avionic systems used partly in HÜRKUS

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