Iran announces sharp rise in enriched uranium production | World Defense

Iran announces sharp rise in enriched uranium production

Falcon29

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Iran announces sharp rise in enriched uranium production

Iran announced Monday a more than tenfold increase in enriched uranium production following a series of steps back from commitments under a 2015 nuclear deal abandoned by the United States.

Iran has also developed two new advanced centrifuges, one of which is undergoing testing, said Ali Akbar Salehi, the head of Atomic Energy Organisation of Iran.

Enriched uranium production has reached five kilogrammes per day, Salehi told reporters at the Natanz facility in central Iran in remarks broadcast by state TV.

That compares with the level of 450 grams two months ago when it abandoned a number of commitments made under a landmark 2015 nuclear deal.

Tehran decided in May to suspend certain commitments under the accord, a year after US President Donald Trump withdrew from the deal and reimposed sanctions on the Islamic republic.

Iran has so far hit back with three packages of countermeasures and threatened to go even further if the remaining partners to the deal -- Britain, China, France, Germany and Russia -- fail to help it circumvent US sanctions.

On July 1, Iran said it had increased its stockpile of enriched uranium to beyond a 300-kilo maximum set by the deal, and a week later, it announced it had exceeded a 3.67-percent cap on the purity of its uranium stocks.

It fired up advanced centrifuges to boost its enriched uranium stockpiles on September 7.

Salehi said Iranian engineers "have successfully built a prototype of IR-9, which is our newest machine, and also a model of a new machine called IR-s ... all these in two months".

Iran has removed all of its nuclear deal-approved IR-1 centrifuges and is only using advanced machines, leading to the sharp increase in enriched uranium production, he added.

"We must thank the enemy for bringing about this opportunity to show the might of the Islamic republic of Iran, especially in the nuclear industry," Salehi said.
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IbnAbdullah

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Why are the Iranians announcing this if they are really determined to build a nuclear bomb?

It seems they are more interested in using this as a leverage to get something than to make a nuke.

I wonder how the GCC (and even Turkey) react to the Iranians going nuclear. Let's also not forget the Israelis, who have always been the most proactive in the region to stop anyone else from getting nukes.

I also wonder if the US - and thus Israel - will let the Iranians continue if no further deal is reached.
 
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Why are the Iranians announcing this if they are really determined to build a nuclear bomb?

It seems they are more interested in using this as a leverage to get something than to make a nuke.

I wonder how the GCC (and even Turkey) react to the Iranians going nuclear. Let's also not forget the Israelis, who have always been the most proactive in the region to stop anyone else from getting nukes.

I also wonder if the US - and thus Israel - will let the Iranians continue if no further deal is reached.
Exactly! Everyone who has ever built The Bomb has done so in secret.

Iran doesn't have the spare money to invest, they don't have partners to buy / train from. They have very limited resources to keep their nuclear program going. Couple this with intense spycraft at play scraping off whatever build capability they do have. Nuke is merely a propaganda tool / fear tactic for them at this point.
 

Falcon29

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How can Iran develop centrifuges despite sanctions?
They are using the same centrifuges they have but are in process of developing some newer advanced ones according to what I've read.
 

Falcon29

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Why are the Iranians announcing this if they are really determined to build a nuclear bomb?

It seems they are more interested in using this as a leverage to get something than to make a nuke.

I wonder how the GCC (and even Turkey) react to the Iranians going nuclear. Let's also not forget the Israelis, who have always been the most proactive in the region to stop anyone else from getting nukes.

I also wonder if the US - and thus Israel - will let the Iranians continue if no further deal is reached.
They're decreasing their commitment to the nuclear deal stage by stage ever since the US sanctioned nations from buying Iranian oil. I don't believe they intend to acquire nuclear weapons. Iran will basically go back to pre-nuclear deal state as far their nuclear program goes. Which is what we had during beginning of Obama era. If Iran advances the program, I don't think the US will attack them like what happened with Iraq in 2003. Americans really do not want another war based on such premise. Israel will have trouble reaching Iran and doing damage since much of their facilities are based underground.

What I do expect is more serious cyberattacks on their nuclear program.
 

Falcon29

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I think it will only get serious if Iran restores its enrichment level to 20%. I could have sworn they promised that would be the next step but seems they just made with 5% instead.

Iran was enriching at 20% prior to the nuclear deal if I remember correctly. So it wouldn't be new.


^^

This guy has been saying that forever but I don't think he will ever do it without US going in. Or US promising to intervene after an Iranian retaliation.
 

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So why Iran has to announce every time they rise enriching uranium? Needs attention? The mullah knows for sure that if the US comes to certainty that they are getting close to making a nuclear weapon, they will wipe it from the map. This is no game here.
 

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So why Iran has to announce every time they rise enriching uranium? Needs attention? The mullah knows for sure that if the US comes to certainty that they are getting close to making a nuclear weapon, they will wipe it from the map. This is no game here.
They got to stay relevant some how
 

mtime7

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Air Force Updates Massive Ordnance Penetrator Bombs Amid New Iranian Nuclear Posturing
Iran is moving toward resuming significant uranium enrichment in its Fordo facility, which would be a prime target for the MOP in a conflict.
BY JOSEPH TREVITHICKNOVEMBER 5, 2019
A GBU-57 Massive Ordnance Penetrator.
USAF CAPTURE.
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The U.S. Air Force is continuing to update its stockpile of 30,000-pound class Massive Ordnance Penetrator bunker busters, or MOPs, and bring older MOPs up to the latest standard, also known as the GBU-57E/B. This comes as Iran has announced that it will begin injecting uranium hexafluoride gas into centrifuges at its underground nuclear facility at Fordo – the kind of prospective target that drove the development of the MOP in the first place – a significant breach of the controversial 2015 international agreement over the country's nuclear program.
On Oct. 28, 2019, the Air Force announced that it had awarded $90 million contracts to both Superior Forge & Steel Corp. of Lima, Ohio and Ellwood National Forge in Irvine, Pennsylvania for the production of an unspecified number of case assemblies for the BLU-127C/B warhead. The service separately confirmed to The War Zone that this is the warhead at the core of the GBU-57E/B variant, which has been in operational inventory since 2016. The B-2 Spirit stealth bomber is presently the only aircraft capable of and clear to employ the MOP operationally, though B-52 bombers have dropped some of the weapons in prior testing. The future B-21 Raider stealth bomber will also likely be able to carry these weapons.




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IRAN RINGS THEIR MOST HARDENED NUCLEAR SITE WITH NEW RUSSIAN-BUILT SAMSBy Tyler RogowayPosted in THE WAR ZONE
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It is unclear how many MOPs of different variants, or in total, there are available for operational use. As of September 2011, the prime contractor, Boeing, had delivered 20 of the bombs, but it is known that there have been subsequent orders and that a number of the weapons have been expended in various tests since then. It is likely that the total number of available weapons has swelled in recent years.

In February 2018, the service had announced that it was buying an unknown number of additional complete MOPs from Boeing, which would also have likely have been in the GBU-57E/B configuration. The month before, Bloomberg had reported that a "fourth upgrade" program for the MOP was complete and that existing bombs in the stockpile were also being retrofitted.






It's not entirely clear how the GBU-57E/B variant differs from previous MOPs, either. "The E/B variant enhances the ability to penetrate concrete structures and deliver the high explosive payload," Ilka Cole, the Chief of Media Operations in the Public Affairs Office for the 96th Test Wing at Eglin Air Force Base in Florida told The War Zone by Email. Eglin is also home to the Air Force Life Cycle Management Center's Armament Directorate, which is responsible for managing the MOP program.
The MOP effort dates back to at least 2002 and early publicly available graphics showed the bomb being able to burrow down up to 60 feet to get to their target. In 2007, an official Air Force news story said that this capability had expanded to up to 200 feet. Whether or not this maximum depth accounts for penetrating through layers reinforced concrete is unclear.



DOD VIA GLOBALSECURITY.ORG
A very early graphic from the MOP program showing the bomb able to penetrate up to 60 feet under the ground. By 2007, the weapon was reportedly capable of burrowing nearly four times deeper than this.
The story from 2007 would have likely been referring to the first and second warheads, known as BLU-127/Bs and -127A/Bs, though it might have been referencing work on the subsequent BLU-127B/Bs, as well. GBU-57/B, -57A/B, and -57B/B were fitted with the BLU-127/B, -127A/B, and -127B/B warheads respectively.
What subsequent improvements Boeing made to the GBU-57C/B and -57D/B variants are unclear, but, as The War Zone previously reported, the latter type did at least include an improved fuze. The "C/B" part of the BLU-127C/B designation is arbitrarily assigned and does not automatically mean it was first used in the GBU-57C/B, either.



See Joseph Trevithick's other Tweets



Based on the fact that the GBU-57E/B model was in inventory in at least some numbers in 2016, it is likely that these weapons were developed as part of the Enhanced Threat Reduction IV (ETR-IV) upgrade program, which Boeing won the contract for the year before. Evaluation of bombs with the ETR-IV updates also continued into 2017, according to the Pentagon's Office of the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
Whatever the GBU-57E/B's exact capabilities are, it would seem reasonable to assume that it can penetrate deeper than the MOP variants available in 2007. We know that the inert BLU-127C/B, at least, has a "booster" in the forward portion of the warhead, but it is unclear if this refers to a system that physically propels that section, such as rocket motor, for added penetration or an explosive charge that simply accelerates the detonation of the main charge.
The added penetration would be necessary to strike at especially deeply buried and hardened facilities, such as Iran's nuclear facilities at Fordo. The main portions of this site are reportedly around 295 feet underground and further shielded by multiple feet of reinforced concrete.



GOOGLE EARTH
A satellite image showing what is visible of the facility at Fordo from above ground.
In addition, Cole, the spokesperson for the 96th Test Wing, said that the GBU-57E/B was available with both "live and inert" warheads. "Inert weapons perform a variety of roles based upon mission requirements," she added.
Thanks to its GPS guidance, it is possible that B-2s could drop multiple weapons on the same spot, one after another, using inert versions first to help "dig down" to the target, softening up the layers above and allowing each consecutive bomb to burrow deeper. Inert versions would also be useful for test and evaluation and training purposes.
There is, of course, no indicator that the United States is actively preparing to strike Fordo, or any of Iran's other underground nuclear and ballistic missile-related sites. The United States already pulled out of the Iran Deal, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), in 2018.






The other parties, chiefly France, German, and the United Kingdom, have since struggled to keep the agreement alive. Iran has steadily sought to put pressure on those countries to make concessions, especially as U.S. sanctions have increased.
The decision to begin filling centrifuges with uranium hexafluoride gas, which is banned under the JCPOA, is a major indicator of how far the regime in Tehran is willing to weaken what is left of the deal to try and get those countries to agree to its terms. Though Iranian President Rouhani has not said that Fordo will begin enriching uranium again, which the Iran deal also prohibits, filling the centrifuges with the gas is a clear step in this direction.
This all comes just a day after Iran announced that it had doubled the number of IR-6 centrifuges in operation at the site and that it was working on an even more advanced IR-9 that can enrich uranium 50 times faster than the country's original IR-1. Rouhani has given the JCPOA's European members just two months to find a way around American sanctions before Iran might take new actions, which could include resuming enrichment.



SALAMPIX/ABACA/SIPA USA VIA AP IMAGES
Behrouz Kamalvandi, a spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran (AOEI), speaks to reporters in Tehran in September 2019 in front of various centrifuges.
Critics of the Iran deal have long contended that it left the regime in Tehran with a "breakout" capability to build nuclear weapons if it chose to do so. At the same time, publicly available U.S. intelligence assessments have continually indicated that the country does not have an active nuclear weapons program and was abiding by the terms of the JCPOA even immediately after the United States withdrew.
Tensions between the United States and Iran have otherwise been building for months, with the U.S. government, among others, blaming the Iranians for a string of attacks on commercial oil tankers in the Middle East, as well as more recent and unprecedented suicide drone and cruise missile attacks on oil infrastructure in Saudi Arabia. Iran also shot down a U.S. Navy Global Hawk drone over the Gulf of Oman in June and seized a British-flagged oil tanker the following month, keeping it impounded for weeks in retaliation for the U.K. government doing the same to an Iranian supertanker in Gibraltar.
It is worth noting that the potential threats that the United States developed the MOP to address aren't limited to Iran, either. North Korea, which has also become increasingly upset with the lack of progress in its own negotiations over sanctions with the U.S. government, also has extensive networks of underground facilities. The GBU-57-series could also be useful for engaging deep, hardened targets during a larger scale conventional conflict against potential peer adversaries, such as China or Russia.
With all this in mind, it's hardly surprising that the Air Force is continuing to work to upgrade the MOP and bring its existing inventory up to the latest, deepest penetrating standard.
 

Scorpion

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Its worth acting now before uranium becomes active.
 

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