On this day in history | World Defense

On this day in history


Staff member
Nov 25, 2014
1,731 14
On this day in history is a chronological timetable of Historical events in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more.

Today the 10th of October.

  • 1575 – Roman Catholic forces under Henry I, Duke of Guise defeat the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
  • 1580 – Over 600 Papal troops land in Ireland to support the Second Desmond Rebellion.
  • 1631 – Thirty Years' War: An army of the Electorate of Saxony seizes Prague.
  • 1760 – In a treaty with the Dutch colonial authorities, the Ndyuka people of Suriname – descended from escaped slaves – gain territorial autonomy.
  • 1780 – The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000–30,000 in the Caribbean.
  • 1814 – The United States Revenue Marine attempts to defend the cutter Eagle from the Royal Navy.
  • 1845 – In Annapolis, Maryland, the Naval School (later the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 students.
  • 1846 – Triton, the largest moon of the planet Neptune, is discovered by English astronomer William Lassell.
  • 1868 – The Ten Years' War begins against Spanish rule in Cuba.
  • 1871 – Chicago burns after a barn accident. The fire lasts from October 8–10.
  • 1903 – The Women's Social and Political Union is founded in support of the enfranchisement of British women.
  • 1911 – The day after a bomb explodes prematurely, the Wuchang Uprising begins against the Chinese monarchy.
  • 1913 – U.S. President Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike, completing major construction on the Panama Canal.
  • 1918 – RMS Leinster is torpedoed and sunk by UB-123, killing 564, the worst-ever on the Irish Sea.[1][2]
  • 1920 – The Carinthian plebiscite determines that the larger part of the Duchy of Carinthia should remain part of Austria.
  • 1928 – Chiang Kai-shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
  • 1933 – A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
  • 1935 – In Greece, a coup d'état ends the Second Hellenic Republic.
  • 1938 – Abiding by the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia completes its withdrawal from the Sudetenland.
  • 1945 – The Double Tenth Agreement is signed by the Communist Party and the Kuomintang about the future of China.
  • 1957 – U.S. President Eisenhower apologizes to Ghanaian finance minister Gbedemah after he is refused service in a Delaware restaurant.
  • 1957 – The Windscale fire results in Britain's worst nuclear accident.
  • 1963 – France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
  • 1963 – The Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty comes into effect.
  • 1964 – The Tokyo Summer Olympics opening ceremony is the first to be relayed live by satellites.
  • 1967 – The Outer Space Treaty comes into force.
  • 1970 – Fiji becomes independent.
  • 1970 – Canada's October Crisis escalates when Quebec's vice-premier is kidnapped by members of the FLQ.
  • 1973 – U.S. Vice President Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with evasion of federal income tax.
  • 1975 – Papua New Guinea joins the United Nations.
  • 1980 – The 7.1 Mw  El Asnam earthquake shakes northern Algeria, killing 2,633 and injuring 8,369.
  • 1980 – The Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front is founded in El Salvador.
  • 1985 – US Navy aircraft intercept an Egyptian airliner carrying the perpetrators of the Achille Lauro hijacking, and force it to land in Italy.
  • 1986 – A 5.7 Mw  San Salvador earthquake shakes El Salvador, killing 1,500.
  • 1997 – Austral Líneas Aéreas Flight 2553 crashes and explodes in Uruguay, killing 74.
  • 1998 – A Lignes Aériennes Congolaises jetliner is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 41 people.
  • 2009 – Armenia and Turkey sign the Zurich Protocols, intended to normalize relations. However, they are never ratified by either side.
  • 2010 – The Netherlands Antilles are dissolved as a country.
  • 2015 – Twin bomb blasts in the Turkish capital Ankara kill 102 and injure 400.
  • 2018 – Hurricane Michael makes landfall in the Florida Panhandle as a catastrophic Category 5 hurricane. It kills 57 people in the United States, 45 in Florida, and causes an estimated $25.1 billion in damage.


Staff member
Nov 25, 2014
1,731 14
Today the 11th of October.

  • 1138 – A massive earthquake strikes Aleppo; it is one of the most destructive earthquakes ever.[1]
  • 1142 – A peace treaty ends the Jin–Song wars.
  • 1311 – The peerage and clergy restrict the authority of English kings with the Ordinances of 1311.
  • 1531 – Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
  • 1614 – The New Netherland Company applies to the States General of the Netherlands for exclusive trading rights in what is now the northeastern United States.
  • 1634 – The Burchardi flood kills around 15,000 in North Friesland, Denmark and Germany.
  • 1649 – Cromwell's New Model Army Sacks Wexford, killing over 2,000 Irish Confederate troops and 1,500 civilians.
  • 1767 – Surveying for the Mason–Dixon line separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed.
  • 1776 – American Revolution: A fleet of American boats on Lake Champlain is defeated by the Royal Navy, but delays the British advance until 1777.
  • 1797 – The Royal Navy decisively defeats the Batavian Navy at Camperdown during the French Revolutionary Wars.
  • 1811 – The Juliana begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry in New York harbor.
  • 1840 – The Maronite leader Bashir Shihab II surrenders to the Ottoman Empire and later is sent to Malta in exile.
  • 1852 – The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
  • 1862 – American Civil War: Confederate troops conduct a raid on Chambersburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1865 – Hundreds of black men and women march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
  • 1890 – In Washington, D.C., the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
  • 1899 – The Second Boer War erupts in South Africa between the British-ruled Cape Colony, and the Boer-ruled Transvaal and Orange Free State.
  • 1906 – San Francisco sparks a diplomatic crisis between the United States and Japan by ordering segregated schools for Japanese students.
  • 1910 – Piloted by Arch Hoxsey, Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane.
  • 1912 – First Balkan War: The day after the Battle of Sarantaporo, Greek troops liberate the city of Kozani.
  • 1918 – The 7.1 Mw San Fermín earthquake shakes Puerto Rico. The quake and resulting tsunami kill up to 116 people.
  • 1937 – The Duke and Duchess of Windsor tour Nazi Germany for 12 days and meet Adolf Hitler on the 22nd.
  • 1941 – Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
  • 1942 – World War II: Off Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese force.
  • 1944 – The Tuvan People's Republic is annexed by the Soviet Union.
  • 1950 – CBS's field-sequential color system for television is the first to be licensed for broadcast by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission.
  • 1954 – In accord with the 1954 Geneva Conference, French troops complete their withdrawal from North Vietnam.
  • 1958 – NASA launches Pioneer 1, its first space probe, although it fails to achieve a stable orbit.
  • 1962 – The Second Vatican Council becomes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
  • 1968 – NASA launches Apollo 7, the first successful manned Apollo mission.
  • 1972 – A race riot occurs on the United States Navy aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk off the coast of Vietnam.
  • 1976 – George Washington is posthumously promoted to the grade of General of the Armies.
  • 1984 – Aboard the Space Shuttle Challenger, astronaut Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
  • 1984 – Aeroflot Flight 3352 crashes into maintenance vehicles upon landing in Omsk, Russia, killing 178.
  • 1986 – Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Iceland to continue discussions about scaling back IRBM arsenals in Europe.
  • 1987 – The AIDS Memorial Quilt is first displayed during the Second National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights.
  • 1987 – Start of Operation Pawan by Indian forces in Sri Lanka. Thousands of civilians, insurgents, soldiers die.
  • 1991 – Prof. Anita Hill delivers her televised testimony concerning sexual harassment during the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination[2]
  • 2000 – NASA launches STS-92, the 100th Space Shuttle mission.
  • 2001 – The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
  • 2002 – A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Finland kills seven.
  • 2013 – A migrant boat sinks in the Channel of Sicily with at least 34 people dead.
  • 2018 – Soyuz MS-10, launching an intended crew for the ISS, suffers an in-flight abort. The crew lands safely.