Russian Armed Forces | Page 46 | World Defense

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The Russian army began using RP-377UVM1L Lesochek jamming stations, one of which was spotted on a BMD-4M armored personnel carrier. The RP-377 electronic warfare system is designed for radio jamming of mine-explosive device control channels. The complex is also used to suppress navigation channels and geopositioning of enemy UAVs; for this purpose, the complex’s antennas are usually installed horizontally, as shown in the figure. The range of the RP-377 “Lesochek” complex is about 100 meters in the horizontal plane and up to 200 meters in the vertical. The RP-377UVM1L jamming station can be installed on any equipment, from cars to tanks.

 

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A new Sobolyatnik reconnaissance radar, put into service in 2021, was seen in a video with Russian military personnel. These are the first shots showing the operation of the Sobolyatnik radar produced by the Tula NPO Strela. The Russian small-sized radar station 1L227 is equipped with a phased array antenna and is capable of detecting moving equipment at a distance of at least 17 kilometers, presumably up to 30 kilometers, a person at a distance of at least 7 kilometers, with an accuracy of 10 meters. The Sobolyatnik radar has low-power radiation, less than that of a cell phone and can track up to 20 targets. The time of continuous operation of the radar from a standard battery is up to 6 hours, the time of continuous operation of the radar without breakdowns was increased to 2 thousand hours. The mass of all components of the station is 36 kilograms, it is serviced by 2 people.

 

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As part of the tactical flight exercises, the Russian Ministry of Defense simultaneously took into the air seven An-124-100 Ruslan military transport aircraft. During the flights, young crews of An-124 aircraft practiced takeoff, en route flights and landing at reduced time intervals. The possibility of simultaneous transfer over long distances of personnel of military units with standard weapons and military equipment was tested. The flights took place at an altitude of over 4000 meters, in difficult weather conditions in the form of precipitation, low clouds and strong gusts of wind. The total length of the route was more than 1000 kilometers, the average speed of the aircraft was 500 km/h. The first flight of the An-124-100 "Ruslan" took place in 1991, the maximum speed of the aircraft is 865 km/h, the flight ceiling is up to 12,000 meters, the ferry range is up to 15,700 km. Flight range is 4800 kilometers with a load of 120 tons. Crew up to 6 people. The cost of the Russian An-124-100 Ruslan aircraft is about $70 million.

 

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The gunner of the Russian T-80BVM tank told his impressions of the tank and showed how its protection was strengthened. The T-80BVM tank first appeared in the Russian army in 2019. At the beginning of 2022, the Russian army had about 100 T-80BVM tanks, now their number is unknown, but the production of these tanks has been increased in Russia. In wide circles, the T-80BVM tank is called a flying tank because of its speed characteristics.

 

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Two Tu-22M3 bombers of Russian long-range aviation carried out a scheduled flight for 5 hours over the neutral waters of the Baltic Sea. Fighter escort for the bombers was provided by the crews of Su-30SM aircraft. On certain parts of the flight, the group was accompanied by F-16 and F-18 fighters from Scandinavian countries.

 

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Testers of the Russian kamikaze drone "Scalpel" told some details about the drone. The "Scalpel" drone is a cheap analogue of the "Lancet" drones; the estimated price of the "Scalpel" drone is 200 thousand rubles or $2,230. The design of the drone is still being finalized.

 

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The first footage of the use by the Russian army of the new electronic reconnaissance and radio countermeasures complex “Moscow-1” has been published. The 1L267 electronic warfare system was developed by NPO Kvant and entered service in 2015. The complex is capable of passively recognizing the radiation of aircraft and cruise missiles at a range of up to 400 kilometers and causing radio interference, as well as being a command post for control and reconnaissance. The complex has no analogues, as it can control an area of 500 thousand square kilometers and simultaneously assign tasks to nine electronic warfare and air defense systems. Often the Moscow-1 electronic warfare system works in conjunction with the Krasukha S-4 electronic warfare system. The Moscow-1 complex includes an automated command post "Moscow-1", a radio intelligence module 1L267 and an automated control station for jamming stations of an air-based radar station. One of the machines is equipped with a module that performs the tasks of searching, detecting, direction finding, measuring parameters and tracking air sources of radio emission operating in a wide spectrum of the range - from decimeter to millimeter radio waves. The entire complex is placed on the chassis of three Kamaz 6350 trucks and can be removed from them for camouflage. The electronic warfare station "Moscow-1" is capable of providing full all-round visibility and can be deployed in 45 minutes; it is serviced by 4 operators. The estimated price of the Moscow-1 electronic warfare complex is 380 million rubles or 4.5 million dollars.

 

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Russian troops began to use modernized Pantsir-SM air defense systems, of course this is not a version of the Pantsir-SM TBM air defense system, but it’s also not bad. Reportedly, the complexes were sent to Donbass, but there are no videos yet. The Pantsir-SM air defense system was developed in 2019 and is equipped with a new target detection radar and a new target tracking and missile guidance radar based on phased array antennas. The main advantage of the air defense system is the significantly longer detection, tracking and destruction ranges of objects, the ability to better hit mini-UAVs, guided artillery shells and high-speed ballistic targets. The Pantsir-SM air defense system is capable of detecting small targets at a range of up to 75 km. When using new anti-aircraft guided missiles with hypersonic speed, the target interception range is 40 km, which is twice as much as the previous version. Based on the test results reported earlier, the air defense system’s maximum range for destroying UAVs has been increased by 30%, and the complex can hit targets at an altitude of up to 18 km. The K-53958 chassis from the Tornado family of vehicles with an 8x8 wheel arrangement was chosen as the chassis for the Pantsir-SM. The price of the Pantsir-SM air defense system is still unknown.

 

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The Russian army has begun to use the latest self-propelled artillery unit “Coalition-SV” in Ukraine, TASS reported. After the start of mass production, in Ukraine the Koalitsiya-SV self-propelled gun is used in single copies. Technical information about the Coalition-SV self-propelled guns is in the link to the video in the comments to the video. Reportedly, the main task of the self-propelled guns is to make a decisive difference in the counter-battery fight against Ukrainian artillery. It is not clear how a few pieces can lead to a turning point in the fight against artillery; most likely we are talking about testing self-propelled guns in combat conditions. The Russian self-propelled gun "Coalition-SV" is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 70 kilometers and has a high level of automation, surpassing its foreign counterparts. The self-propelled guns have a fire attack mode, apparently the military leadership is betting on this.

 

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Military personnel of Russian intelligence units showed the modernized TPN-1TOD thermal imaging surveillance device they use in combat work, interview at the end of the video. It is worth noting that the TPN-1TOD thermal imager was also installed on Russian T-90M tanks. The TPN-1TOD binocular thermal imager with a laser rangefinder is designed for visual observation and detection of openly located and camouflaged targets by their thermal radiation at any time of the day and in difficult weather conditions. Using the TPN-1TOD thermal imager, you can determine the coordinates of openly located and camouflaged targets in the daytime and at night, record images, transmit photos, videos and measurement information via wired and wireless communications. The device can also provide target indications to external devices. TPN-1TOD is capable of detecting a tank at a range of up to 7,500 meters during the day, and up to 6,500 meters at night. A human figure can be detected at a distance of up to 5500 meters during the day, and up to 4000 meters at night. The exact characteristics are shown in the table; the weight of the device is 4.3 kg.
The price of the TPN-1TOD device as of 2016 is 4,129,000 rubles or 45,700 dollars at the current exchange rate.

 

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The longest-range Russian R-37M missile used by Mig-31BM, Su-57 and Su-35S aircraft. R-37M air-to-air missile, extra long range, export name of the RVV-BD missile. The R-37M missile was put into service in 2004 and was created on the basis of the R-33 missile, which was previously discussed. The Russian R-37M missile is designed primarily to destroy reconnaissance aircraft and jammer aircraft at long range. The missile now has no analogues, since the range of hitting targets, according to test results, reached 304 kilometers; according to experts, the missile can hit targets at a range of up to 400 kilometers. The R-37M or RVV-BD missile can be used by Mig-31BM, Su-57 and Su-35S aircraft. When using external target designation, Russian aircraft using these missiles at long range become invulnerable to enemy aircraft and air defense systems. It is possible that missiles were also used in Ukraine, but this was not officially reported. The missile guidance system is inertial, with radio correction up to 100 kilometers and active radar homing at the final part of the flight path, which is about 40 kilometers. The R-37M missile is capable of hitting targets flying at speeds of up to 2,500 km/h at altitudes of up to 25 kilometers. The length of the R-37M rocket is 4.2 meters, weight 600 kg, warhead weight - 60 kg, rocket service life - 8 years.

 

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The multi-purpose Russian helicopter Mi-171A2 has received approval for operation in high mountains. The helicopter was tested in the mountainous regions of Kabardino-Balkaria, in the Elbrus region. Expanding the capabilities of the helicopter will attract new customers both in Russia and abroad. The Mi-171A2 flew in different modes, including simulating the failure of one of the engines. The tests were carried out with a gradual increase in load. The maximum take-off and landing weight of this helicopter is 13 tons; this figure was achieved at high altitudes in the mountains. The Mi-171A2 helicopter confirmed the high reliability of its engines, equipment, safety and ability to operate in extreme mountain conditions. Now the helicopter can be lifted to a height of up to 5,000 meters, while previously the permitted ceiling was 3,500 meters. The Mi-171A2 helicopter is a deep modernization of one of the most popular Mi-8 helicopters in the world.

 

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The video shows the work of the Russian military mobile sawmill complex VMLK-1. The VMLK-1 complex was developed by the Proekt Tekhnika company and entered service in 2016. The principle of operation of the sawmill complex is as follows: a chassis with an installed container body arrives at the forest cutting site, where it is deployed in 1.5 hours. The container body is removed from the Kamaz 63501 vehicle; it houses a sawmill frame with a capacity of up to 60 cubic meters of timber per shift. The chassis has a crane and quick-release supports. All this makes it possible in the field to carry out not only sawing of logs, but also all the necessary work - from felling timber to delivery of finished products. The container also provides sleeping places for personnel to rest. The maximum diameter of sawn logs is up to 50 centimeters. The sawmill is powered by a 100 kW electric unit; the VMLK-1 installation is serviced by 3 people.

 

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Russian military personnel showed training and firing from the modernized Metis-M1 ATGM. The Metis-M1 mini ATGM, or “pocket artillery” as it is also called, was put into service in 2015; it has been exported since 2004, since its merits were not immediately appreciated. An important advantage of the 130 mm Metis-M1 ATGM is its light weight: the ATGM launcher weighs 9.5 kg, the missile in a container weighs 13.8 kg and the thermal imager weighs 6.5 kg. The Metis-M1 ATGM is especially convenient for use in urban areas, wooded and mountainous areas and is capable of hitting all types of tanks now. The ATGM has a semi-automatic control system with command transmission via wires. The Metis-M1 arsenal includes two types of missiles. The 9M131M ammunition with a tandem cumulative warhead is used to destroy vehicles. It consists of two charges, the first penetrates the defense, the second causes direct damage to the object, armor penetration is 950 mm of armor. The second ammunition, a 9M131FM missile with a thermobaric warhead, is used to attack engineering fortifications. The range of destruction of both missiles is up to 2000 meters. The 9K115-2 missile system is operated by two people; the installation can be prepared for firing in 20 seconds.

 

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A Russian Be-12 seaplane drops bombs. The crews of the Be-12 anti-submarine seaplane and the Ka-29 helicopter of the Russian Black Sea Fleet conducted exercises over the Black Sea. The purpose of the exercise is to search for and counter enemy naval drones. In the video, a Be-12 Chaika turboprop amphibious aircraft bombed a mock enemy. The Ka-29 helicopter practiced firing at a sea target from a heavy machine gun. The Be-12 Seagull seaplane was built from 1963 to 1973 at the Taganrog Aviation Plant No. 86 named after. G.M. Dimitrov, a total of 142 aircraft were built. The Be-12 aircraft is still in limited service with the Russian Navy today. At the time of its creation, the Be-12 was the largest production amphibious aircraft in the world. The aircraft can carry anti-submarine bombs, torpedoes, mines, and a total of 24 weapons are used. The Be-12 is equipped with two AI-20D engines and is capable of speeds of up to 550 km/h, with a tactical range of up to 650 kilometers, and a maximum flight range of 4,000 kilometers. Weight of combat load is 3000 kilograms.

 
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