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Turkey positions Type 209, 214 submarines for Indonesia’s third Nagapasa batch
Ridzwan Rahmat, Singapore - Jane's Navy International

18 April 2019


A computer-generated image of the Type 214 submarine, one of two boat types discussed in STM's presentation to the Indonesian Navy in February 2019. Source: TKMS

Key Points
  • Turkey's STM has made a presentation on its Type 209 and Type 214 boats to the Indonesian Navy
  • The service has further requirements for at least four more submarines beyond 2024
Turkish naval shipbuilder Savunma Teknolojileri Mühendislik ve Ticaret (STM) has made a formal presentation on its Type 214 and Type 209 submarine designs to senior Indonesian Navy (Tentara Nasional Indonesia - Angkatan Laut: TNI-AL) officials, with the intention of eventually offering the boats for Jakarta's further submarine requirements.

The presentation was made at the Neptunus Building within the TNI-AL's headquarters in Cilangkap, East Jakarta, on 12 February 2019, according to de-classified meeting documents that have been provided to Jane's . Also present during the meeting were STM's local representative in Indonesia, PT Cipta Citra Perkasa, and the crew of Indonesia's second Nagapasa-class submarine, KRI Ardadedali (404).

Indonesia signed a contract for its first batch of three Type 209/1400 Nagapasa-class submarines with South Korea's Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering (DSME) in 2011. Two of the vessels acquired under this batch, KRI Nagapasa (403), and Ardadedali , have been commissioned,
while a third boat, Alugoro (405), was launched on 11 April 2019.

A day later Jakarta signed a contract for a second batch of Type 209/1400 submarines with DSME. This batch will bring Indonesia's fleet of submarines to eight by 2024, when including its pair of German-built Cakra-class boats that were commissioned in the early 1980s. This fleet strength is line with the revised objectives found in the Indonesian Armed Forces' modernisation blueprint known as Minimum Essential Force (MEF).

However, beyond 2024 Indonesian naval planners maintain the requirement for a total submarine fleet strength of 12 to adequately defend its vast archipelago. This means Jakarta could eventually acquire up to four vessels under its third submarine acquisition programme.


 

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Russia would be Turkey’s ‘first best choice’ for fighter jets if its F-35 plan flops
By: Burak Ege Bekdil   19.04.2019

As part of an ongoing spat between the U.S. and Turkey, parts deliveries for the F-35 have stopped.

ANKARA, Turkey — If U.S. officials were to expel Turkey from the multinational group that builds the F-35 Lightning II, Turkish defense officials said they likely would pursue Russian fighter jet technology.

“We cannot afford to leave the F-35 not substituted,” a senior military officer told Defense news. He declined to comment on the replacement options, as this would require “technological, economical and political deliberations.”

But a defense procurement official said “geostrategic assessment” would make Russian options emerge as the natural first replacement. “Russian fighter technology would the first best choice if our American allies behaved in an un-allied way and questioned Turkey’s membership in the Joint Strike Fighter program,” he said.

Washington has threatened to expel Ankara from the multinational program if Turkey deploys the Russian-made S-400 surface-to-air missile system on its soil.

If Turkey accepts the S-400, “no F-35s will ever reach Turkish soil. And Turkish participation in the F-35 program, including manufacturing parts, repairing and servicing the fighters, will be terminated, taking Turkish companies out of the manufacturing and supply chain for the program,” wrote a group of bipartisan lawmakers from the Senate Armed Services Committee and Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Earlier this month, the Pentagon announced a freeze on deliveries and activities with Turkey in relation to the F-35 program over Ankara’s decision to buy the S-400. Turkey insists the first S-400 shipments would arrive in July and the first S-400 system would become operational in September.

A Turkish presidential source said that potential Turkish-Russian cooperation on fighter technology was “preliminarily discussed” between their respective defense officials during Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s visit to Moscow on April 8.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Çavusoglu told broadcaster NTV on Apri 10: “There are F-35, but there are also aircraft manufactured in Russia. If we are not able to purchase [the] F-35, Turkey will buy similar aircraft from other countries. And this will continue until we start producing our own fifth-generation fighter jets.”

Such a move would make Turkey the only NATO member to simultaneously use the S-400 and Russian fighter.

“This is not a useful dispute for the alliance,” asserted an Ankara-based European Union military attache. “What we observe today could push Turkey further into Russia’s military orbit … and we don’t want that.”

Earlier this month, Russian Helicopters CEO Andrey Boginsky visited Turkey to discuss the possibility of co-production efforts.

However, Russia’s isn’t the only alternative for the F-35. In 2015, Turkey’s procurement authorities released a request for information for the TF-X, the country’s indigenous fighter jet program. Sweden’s Saab was one of the bidders to supply know-how for the initial design phase of the program, but Ankara selected Britain’s BAE Systems for that contract.

“Saab’s commitment to technology transfer was very generous, but its price was expensive at the time,” a Turkish official recalled. “Saab could now revise its bid and incorporate it into the new [no F-35] situation,” he said.

Another option for Turkey is Airbus, a partner in the Eurofighter program based in the Netherlands and France, the official added.

Russia would be Turkey’s ‘first best choice’ for fighter jets if its F-35 plan flops
 

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Turkish firms see IDEF as chance to pitch locally made systems for export
By: Burak Ege Bekdil  19.04.2019

The Turkish attack plane Hurkus-C and missiles are displayed during the 2017 International Defence Industry Fair in Istanbul. (Yasin Akgul/AFP via Getty Images)

ANKARA, Turkey — Turkey’s most prominent defense and aerospace exhibition is set to showcase several indigenous Turkish systems to foreign buyers.

“New Turkish systems will dominate the show this year, with their producers seeking to win new export contracts,” a senior defense procurement official said of the International Defence Industry Fair taking place in Istanbul April 30-May 3. “New export deals will be the main motive for Turkish manufacturers.”

A Turkish defense analyst said this year’s show will highlight aerospace systems, including drones, a new fighter jet and an advanced jet trainer, plus naval systems and a locally made new-generation battle tank.

Turkey’s state-controlled defense entities Aselsan, a defense electronics specialist, and missile-maker Roketsan will be the leading exhibitors. Aselsan and Roketsan are co-partners in an ambitious program to build Turkey’s first long-range air and anti-missile defense system.

Over the past several years, Turkey’s local industry has sought to develop several armed and unarmed drone systems, as well as the country’s first indigenous fighter jet (TF-X), an advanced trainer jet (Hurkuş) and Turkey’s first indigenous tank (Altay).

In recent years, Turkey’s defense and aerospace industries reported an average export increase of 8 to 10 percent annually. Only in the past six years have defense and aerospace exports risen by 61 percent, while Turkey’s overall exports rose by 10.5 percent. Turkey’s defense and aerospace exports have risen from an annual $1.388 billion in 2013 to $2.035 billion in 2018. In January 2019 the sector reported $175 million worth of exports. This compares with sales growth from $5.076 billion in 2013 to $6.693 billion in 2017.

IDEF is expected to lure more than 900 local and foreign companies this year. Turkish officials also invited 144 foreign defense ministers and procurement officials as well as more than 400 foreign delegations.

In 2017, IDEF hosted 133 official delegations from 67 countries and 820 companies from 50 companies.

Recently, Turkish Aerospace Industries, which is the lead manufacturer on the TF-X and Hurkus programs, announced it will invest $181 million in a new composite plant, the world’s fourth-largest facility of its kind, in Kahramankazan near Ankara. TAI said it aims to meet 2 percent of the world’s overall aerial composite structures after its new plant becomes fully operational.

IDEF is set to kick off amid a row between NATO allies Turkey and the United States over the former’s quest to deploy the Russian-made S-400 air defense system on its soil.

The U.S. has threatened to expel Turkey from the multinational Joint Strike Fighter program that builds the F-35 fighter jet. Turkey is a member of the consortium that builds the F-35, and the local industry could lose up to $10 billion if the country is kicked out of the program.

If Turkey accepts the S-400, “no F-35s will ever reach Turkish soil. And Turkish participation in the F-35 program, including manufacturing parts, repairing and servicing the fighters, will be terminated, taking Turkish companies out of the manufacturing and supply chain for the program,” wrote a group of bipartisan lawmakers from the Senate Armed Services Committee and Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

In addition Turkey has been aggressively marketing the T129, a helicopter gunship produced by TAI under license from the Italian-British firm AgustaWestland. Last year, Turkey signed a $1.5 billion deal with Pakistan to sell 30 T129s. It is also in talks with the Philippines for the sale of eight attack helicopters.

Those and other potentially successful export deals for the T129 could be blocked amid the U.S.-Turkey dispute if the U.S. denies export licenses to the Turkish manufacturer. The T129 is powered by two LHTEC T800-4A turboshaft engines. The T800-4A is an export version of the CTS800 engine. LHTEC, which makes the engine, is a joint venture between the American company Honeywell and the British firm Rolls-Royce.


Turkish firms see IDEF as chance to pitch locally made systems for export
 

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Turkey advances Anka-Aksungur MALE UAV development
Kelvin Wong, Singapore - Jane's International Defence Review
17 April 2019


Turkish Aerospace carried out the first test flight of the Anka-Aksungur medium-altitude long-endurance UAV on 20 March. Source: Turkish Aerospace

Turkish Aerospace is expanding the testing envelope of its internally funded Anka-Aksungur medium-altitude long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicle (MALE UAV) development with the aim of pushing the air vehicle into series production by the first quarter of 2020, company sources told Jane's .

The company earlier announced that a prototype of the twin-engine air vehicle had successfully performed its maiden flight - which lasted 4 hours 20 minutes - on 20 March. The air vehicle also demonstrated its automatic take-off and landing capabilities, it added.

Jane's understands that a second test had been conducted on 3 April near Ankara, which had a duration of 3 hours and was aimed at expanding the prototype's flight testing envelope.

The Anka-Aksungur UAV features a twin-boom airframe design supported by a retractable undercarriage and incorporating forward-mounted PD170 twin-turbocharged engines developed by Tusaş Engine Industries (TEI) with input from General Electric, followed by a set of high-mounted wings with slight dihedral and terminating in vertical stabilisers joined by a horizontal tailplane.

Jane's earlier reported that the 2.1 litre, water-cooled inline-4 PD170 engine - equipped with three bladed propellers in a tractor configuration - has a dry weight of 170 kg and can develop and maintain an output of 120hp at up to 30,000 ft (9,144 m) and 170hp at up to 20,000 ft. TEI expects an engine growth potential of up to 210hp with only minor modifications.

The air vehicle also features an overall length and height of 12 m and 3 m, respectively, with a wingspan of 24 m. Each wing is equipped with an integral fuel tank and can accommodate up to three hardpoints. According to the source, this arrangement provides the air vehicle with a maximum take-off weight (MTOW) "in excess" of 3,000 kg and a payload capacity of 750 kg.

https://www.janes.com/article/87973/turkey-advances-anka-aksungur-male-uav-development
 

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Turkey Interested in Other Russian Weaponry Apart From S-400s – Official
29.04.2019

The contract for Turkey to procure Russian air defence systems has been vehemently opposed by Washington, who is trying to convince Ankara to ditch it threatening the country with sanctions and freezing deliveries of F-35 fighters.

Head of Russian Defence Export firm (Rosoboronexport) Aleksandr Mikheev has shared that Turkey is showing interest in Russian weaponry apart from the S-400 air defence systems ordered by Ankara in December 2017. According to him, Ankara is also interested in other Russian air defences of various ranges, as well as anti-tank weaponry and other weapons stations.

Mikheev added that the two countries also have several joint ventures aimed at developing new state-of-the-art jets and helicopters, modules for armoured vehicles and maintenance for the equipment, previously sold to Ankara. He further stressed that due to the "constructive dialogue between the political leadership" of the two states, Russia and Turkey have managed to thwart foreign rivals' attempts to meddle in their bilateral military cooperation.

Rosoboronexport's CEO earlier reacted to reports that Turkey might be interested in buying Russian jets instead of American F-35s, saying that Moscow is ready to discuss such procurements with Ankara.

Turkey has been experiencing trouble in obtaining the F-35 jets it ordered since Ankara inked a contract with Moscow on the procurement of Russian S-400 air defence systems. The US authorities claim that the Russian system could gather info about the American jet and reveal its weaknesses to Moscow.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has repeatedly stated that Ankara will not abandon the S-400 deal despite US pressure. He recalled that Turkey was willing to buy Patriot defence systems instead of Russian-made systems, but Washington had failed to provide a better deal than Moscow.

For its part, the US has reportedly halted all supplies of F-35-related parts to Ankara and threatened it with sanctions in case it obtains Russian S-400s. The situation has been further complicated by the fact that some of the F-35's parts are exclusively produced in Turkey, with the US reportedly considering plans to shift their production to Europe.

Turkey Interested in Other Russian Weaponry Apart From S-400s – Official
 

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A fire broke out aboard the Turkish Navy’s future landing helicopter dock (LHD) Anadolu at a shipyard in Tuzla, Istanbul, on April 30.

anadolu.jpg


Fire aboard the ship, which is being constructed by shipbuilder Sedef for the Turkish Navy, was contained by shipyard workers and firefighters.

No injuries or fatalities were reported in the incident, according to Turkish reports. The cause of the fire is yet to be determined.

TCG Anadolu is currently in dry dock and was expected to be launched in 2019. Depending on the extent of the damage sustained in the fire, the launch could potentially be delayed.


The contract for the design and transfer of technology agreement for the TCG Anadolu (L-408) was signed between the Turkish Undersecretariat for Defence Industries and Navantia in 2015.

While based on the Spanish LHD Juan Carlos I and Australian Canberra-class landing helicopter docks, TCG Anadolu will be registered as a light aircraft carrier by the Turkish Lloyd and is expected to be delivered to the navy in 2021.

With a displacement of 28,000 tonnes at full load and a length of 225 meters, the ship will have 6 landing spots on its deck and will carry up to 12 F-35B aircraft and 12 helicopters, depending on configuration.

 

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Ukraine to sell Turkey guided tank missiles
Thursday, May 02, 2019

The Ukrainian company SpetsTechnoExport has signed an agreement to sell Turkey 120 mm Konus guided tank missiles, Ukrinform reports. Production of the missiles will begin in the next few days. The relevant agreement was signed during the IDEF 2019 international defense exhibition in Istanbul.

“During the first stage of implementing the contract, we will supply 120 mm Konus guided missiles and guidance systems to integrate them with the primary Turkish combat tanks. Subsequently, as a result of a partial transfer of technology, the Ukrainian guided missiles will be produced at the Turkish Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation’s facilities,” the Ukrainian company stated.

The initialing of the contract enabled the parties to agree on the price, time frames and other conditions for implementing the agreements.

“The completion of the signing procedure and the start of production of the export batches of missiles are scheduled for the next few weeks,” SpetsTechnoExport noted.

The state-owned company remarked that the advantages of collaborating with the Turkish Mechanical and Chemical Industry Corporation (MKEK) are the opportunity to supply weapons to the Turkish Armed Forces and also to increase the presence of Ukrainian products on other markets which use tanks with 120 mm guns and cooperate actively with the Turkish defense industry complex. Such markets include countries in the Middle East and South-East Asia.

The Konus guided missile was developed by the Ukrainian Luch Design Bureau for 120 mm tank guns, a NATO standard. The missile can hit targets up to 5 km away, significantly further than normal tank shells. The tandem warhead can destroy the dynamic protection of an enemy tank and penetrate up to 800 mm of armor.

Recently it was announced that the Polish company WB Electronics and the Ukrainian state-owned defense conglomerate UkrOboronProm are planning to develop a new intermediate-range aerial defense missile system. Roman Muszal, a representative of the Polish company, noted that Ukrainian P-27 intermediate range guided missiles will be used as the basis for the project. Most of the necessary elements have already been created, including the engine, the self-guiding warhead and the fuel.

 

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IDEF 2019: Otokar displays Akrep IIe electric armoured vehicle
Christopher F Foss, Istanbul
02 May 2019

p1745452_main - Copy.jpg

Otokar’s Akrep IIe technology demonstrator, shown for the first time at IDEF 2019. Source: Otokar

Key Points
  • Otokar has displayed at IDEF 2019 the Akrep IIe, Turkey's first electric armoured vehicle
  • The overall Akrep II design can accommodate a variety of powerpacks and mission systems

Using independent research and development funding Turkey's Otokar has developed a prototype of the Akrep IIe technology demonstrator, Turkey's first electric armoured vehicle. The platform was shown for the first time at IDEF 2019, held in Istanbul from 30 April to 3 May.

The Akrep IIe features a powerful electric motor integrated to the axle coupled with an advanced battery pack and smart power-control algorithm.

According to Otokar its compact size, low silhouette, and low acoustic and thermal signatures make it ideal for reconnaissance missions.

The company said the modular Akrep II design allows it to accommodate not just different mission systems and weapons but also alternative powerplants. As well as being marketed with an electric drive system, the vehicle will also be marketed with a diesel powerpack or even a hybrid drive system.

The Akrep IIe shown at IDEF was what Otokar describes as a ‘light infantry fire support vehicle’ that features a remotely operated turret sporting a 25 mm main armament and a sensor mast. Otokar claims, however, that the vehicle can accommodate turrets armed with medium weapons of up to 90 mm in calibre.

The range of the Akrep IIe would depend on its mission, but the company said that on a typical reconnaissance mission, involving reconnaissance with the onboard systems and a few engagements, the Akrep IIe could achieve a round-trip range of 200 km.

The modular Akrep II has 4×4 drive with powered steering on the front wheels but with the option of additional steering on the rear wheels, which can be very useful when operating in a confined space, such as during urban operations.

The vehicle's AxleTech independent suspension provides a high level of cross-country mobility, as well as a better ride for the crew and a more stable firing platform.

 

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Russia, Turkey Jointly Developing Aircraft and Helicopters
By ITARTASS
-April 30, 2019

Russia and Turkey are jointly working on creating promising aircraft and helicopters, and also components for the armor, the press office of Russia’s state arms seller Rosoboronexport (part of the state hi-tech corporation Rostec) reported on Monday.

“We have a number of joint projects for developing promising aircraft and rotorcraft platforms, components for the armor and the after-sale maintenance of the armaments supplied,” the press office quoted Rosoboronexport CEO Alexander Mikheyev as saying.

Turkey also shows interest in the newest Russian combat modules, air defense systems with different range capabilities and anti-tank weapons. Despite the rivals’ interference in the bilateral relations, Russia and Turkey are coping with the difficulties that arise, the chief executive stressed.

“At present, we are discussing with the Turkish partners the implementation of some most important projects in the sphere of military and technical cooperation and in the civilian industry… We are undoubtedly ready for various formats of technological cooperation, including in such science-intensive spheres as the aerospace industry, helicopter-building and the energy sector,” the Rosoboronexport press office quoted Rostec CEO Sergei Chemezov as saying.

The Rosoboronexport and Rostec chiefs announced this information on the eve of the IDEF-2019 defense industry exhibition that will run in Istanbul on April 30 – May 3, 2019. The exhibition will showcase equipment for the land troops, the Navy, the Air Force, security technologies, space technologies, onboard systems, and also helicopters, ships, electronics, security systems, transportation and logistics equipment and systems.
 

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Turkey won't be deterred by U.S. sanctions on missile systems purchase, VP says
By Daniel Uria
May 5, 2019

Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay said Sunday that Turkey will not allow potential U.S. sanctions to prevent it from purchasing the S-400 missile defense system from Russia. Photo by Robert Ghement/EPA

May 5 (UPI) -- Turkey will follow through on its agreement to purchase the S-400 missile defense system from Russia despite U.S. opposition, Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay said Sunday.

Oktay said that Turkey would not allow the threat of sanctions from the United States to prevent it from purchasing the surface-to-air missile defense system, which U.S. officials have warned aren't compatible with NATO equipment and may compromise U.S.-made Lockheed Martin F-35 fighter jets.

"When Turkey signs an agreement, Turkey keeps its promise. We signed this agreement and certain payments were made," Oktay told Turkish news outlet A Haber. "I don't think the arguments and concerns here have a lot to lean on."

NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg told Turkey's Anadolu Agency that each individual nation in the transatlantic agreement is able to make its own decisions regarding defense purchases.

"Decisions about military procurement are for nations to make," he said. "But, as I have said, interoperability of our armed forces is fundamental to Nato for the conduct of our operations and missions."

Stoltenberg also said he supports discussions between Turkey and the United States about purchasing a U.S. patriot missile system and efforts by Turkey, France and Italy to develop a long-range air and missile defense system.

"This is important for NATO because key allies are involved and because we encourage allies to purchase equipment which is able to operate together," he said.

 
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