Well the Israeli right (led by Benjamin Netanyahu) has been very good at holding on to power and making sure that a peaceful solution never happens (by building further settlements and all the gaza wars and the agitation, etc). So basically they will never be a peaceful solution as long as Israelis are further sheltered from the effects of the wars. In the early 2000s many Israelis were in danger and that's why they voted in people like Olmert who wanted to make significant compromises for peace. Bibi's administration sees a public which feels safer with keeping the status quo of occupation and the occasional gaza war which effects them less and less every time.
The truth is that we're heading towards a future where there will be no peace and no viable two-state solution, despite the best efforts of Arab states.
Either Palestine will eventually just disappear and Palestinians will forget or there will be a big war which forces the zionists to go to the negotiating table (it can just as well end in the destruction of several Arab states) or the miraculous, the Israeli public vote in a pro-peace government.
*Something to remember: Israel has the absolute, full support of the U.S. and in turn NATO. So even if it's a tiny spot defeating it is very difficult and impossible currently.
Full support of anybody we don't care. Arab world is different than in past. Saudi Arabia after Salman has changed. Saudi plus Qatar plus Turkey are working to regain influence in region. And not just for interests, because of serious concerns they share. A post Assad Syria means either US will attack or Syria will be strong. If US attacks, it will drag it into war of attrition. And also open war with Israel in region. Arab states don't need to directly fight , they can support the militants on ground not only in Syria but West Bank. If Jordan alllows they can through Jordan into Israel. That would help shorten the war. The war will be terrifying but it has to happen if we want a different future. It will be better for the future. We will suffer a lot in the process but better to get it done with now instead of waiting more and losing all progress in Syria and also giving Israel west Bank. Which means Israel will go after Jordanian resources after. And then nobody can stop them.
Americans understand we don't hate them. Actually they're some of hardest working and lovely people. Problem is the neocons in power have agendas in Midlde East which directly affect our people. And unfortunately it's either we fight for our interests or US pulls out from region and gives up on Israel and AiPac lobby. If such war happens it does not mean end of world. The world will coexist after this war.